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Enamel defects reflect perinatal exposure to bisphenol A.

Abstract : Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), including bisphenol A (BPA), are environmental ubiquitous pollutants and associated with a growing health concern. Anecdotally, molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is increasing concurrently with EDC-related conditions, which has led us to investigate the effect of BPA on amelogenesis. Rats were exposed daily to BPA from conception until day 30 or 100. At day 30, BPA-affected enamel exhibited hypomineralization similar to human MIH. Scanning electron microscopy and elemental analysis revealed an abnormal accumulation of organic material in erupted enamel. BPA-affected enamel had an abnormal accumulation of exogenous albumin in the maturation stage. Quantitative real-time PCR, Western blotting, and luciferase reporter assays revealed increased expression of enamelin but decreased expression of kallikrein 4 (protease essential for removing enamel proteins) via transcriptional regulation. Data suggest that BPA exerts its effects on amelogenesis by disrupting normal protein removal from the enamel matrix. Interestingly, in 100-day-old rats, erupting incisor enamel was normal, suggesting amelogenesis is only sensitive to MIH-causing agents during a specific time window during development (as reported for human MIH). The present work documents the first experimental model that replicates MIH and presents BPA as a potential causative agent of MIH. Because human enamel defects are irreversible, MIH may provide an easily accessible marker for reporting early EDC exposure in humans.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00866042
Contributor : Sabine Julien <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 25, 2013 - 4:47:20 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 9:11:01 AM

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Katia Jedeon, Muriel de la Dure-Molla, Steven J Brookes, Sophia Loiodice, Clémence Marciano, et al.. Enamel defects reflect perinatal exposure to bisphenol A.. American Journal of Pathology, American Society for Investigative Pathology, 2013, 183 (1), pp.109-119. ⟨10.1016/j.ajpath.2013.04.004⟩. ⟨hal-00866042⟩

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