L'éducation aux sciences dans un monde incertain : comment les enseignantes appréhendent-elles les incertitudes de la question vive de la transition agroécologique ? : étude de cas auprès d'enseignantes de l'éducation nationale et de l'enseignement agricole en contextes de formation

Abstract : Appear by now some social, political, informational uncertainties that structure the dynamic of the controversies in the social space. Within classroom, the teaching of socially acute questions (as nuclear energy, GMOs, animal welfare, etc) provides the opportunity to work on these uncertainties. How do the uncertainties encountered by science teachers reconfigure their relation to the knowledge involved in the controversy and the representation they have about science teaching? I investigated in two educational systems, general education (biology teachers) and agricultural education (teachers from different disciplines) around the acute question of agroecological transition. Overall, socially acute questions expose the teachers to epistemic insecurity. Intrinsically, these questions lead them to construct their point of view on the subject during the course preparation or potentially during the teaching activity. It implies a reconfiguration of their professional posture that some of them accept, mourning epistemic completeness, and that others don’t accept, looking for strengthening their position concerning knowledge mastering. My observation of professional training situations – around mapping controversies or developing a pedagogical scenario – shows that some devices of socio-scientific inquiry allow an exploration of the question’s complexity. However, efficient tools have still to be thought or adapted, as scenarios of the future, in complement with a real epistemological and informational training of science teachers. These are the living conditions of an uncertainty education that would give to the citizens resources for a reappropriation of their futures and, finally, create opportunities whose socio-political relevance is the proper horizon.
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Lucas Nédélec. L'éducation aux sciences dans un monde incertain : comment les enseignantes appréhendent-elles les incertitudes de la question vive de la transition agroécologique ? : étude de cas auprès d'enseignantes de l'éducation nationale et de l'enseignement agricole en contextes de formation. Education. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU20038⟩. ⟨tel-02409080⟩

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