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Filamentous ascomycete genomes provide insights into Copia retrotransposon diversity in fungi

Abstract : Background: The relative scarcity of Copia retrotransposons has been recently characterized in metazoans in comparison with the other superfamilies of LTR elements. Furthermore, Copia retrotransposons have often a particular dynamics that results in a highly predominant single clade of elements within a large host taxon, such as the GalEa-like retrotransposons in crustaceans. Taking advantage of the skyrocketing amount of genomic data available for fungi, we carried out the first large-scale comparative genomic analysis of the Copia clades in filamentous ascomycetes. Results: Screening 30 completely sequenced genomes allowed us to identify more than 2500 Copia copies with conserved LTR, which are distributed in 138 families. Their characterization revealed that fungal Copia diversity is much broader than previously thought with at least 27 clades, 23 of which likely correspond to new ones. While the Copia copy number is low in most species, the two clades GalEa and FunCo1 are widely distributed and highly dominate Copia content as they both account for 80% of the detected sequences. Conclusions: In Fungi, GalEa retrotransposons are restricted to Pezizomycotina in which they can make up an outstandingly high proportion of the genome (up to 10% in Cenococcum geophilum). At last, we revealed that fungal GalEa elements structurally differ from all other Copia elements with an absence of Primer Binding Site. These elements however harbor a Conserved Hairpin Site which is probably essential for their transposition. sequences.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 31, 2017 - 3:22:36 PM
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Tifenn Donnart, Mathieu Piednoël, Dominique Higuet, Éric Bonnivard. Filamentous ascomycete genomes provide insights into Copia retrotransposon diversity in fungi. BMC Genomics, BioMed Central, 2017, 18 (1), pp.410. ⟨10.1186/s12864-017-3795-2⟩. ⟨hal-01529914⟩

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