Insultes rituelles entre coépouses : entre jeu et conflictualité. Etude du "marcanda" (Zarma, Niger)

Abstract : n the Zarma area of the Niger, a woman whose husband gets married organizes a ceremony in which she asks married women of the village to come and spend the day at her home. At nightfall, just before the newly-wed couple arrives, all the women form a half-circle : those who were taken as first wives start to insult those who were taken as second wives and vice-versa.
This paper, which takes part in an upcoming research, is the first stage of a complete description of this ceremony. It offers a both ethnolinguistic and pragmatic approach of the first ten insults which mark the opening of the ceremony. It shows that the latter is ritual made of fictive insults which aim to channel the conflicts so that they are socially acceptable. The context of communication and the form of insults indeed create a « symbolic distance [which] serves to insulate this exchange from further consequences » (Labov, 1972 : 352).
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Sandra Bornand. Insultes rituelles entre coépouses : entre jeu et conflictualité. Etude du "marcanda" (Zarma, Niger). ethnographiques.org, Association Ethnographiques.org, 2005, pp.en ligne. ⟨halshs-00338111⟩

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