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Master Thesis

Le Siècle des Lumières et l'embellissement des villes : acteurs, réalisations et difficultés. Une capitale provinciale, Grenoble

Abstract : During the Enlightment century, there was a fad for cities "smartening". Town planning, described as "frôleur" by Georges Duby, become in the eighteenth century a growing concern for the men of this time. For a long time some writers, philosophers, architects and painters have theorized in this area. Leon Battista Alberti in the fifteenth century is one of them: he advocates the combination of beauty, strength and usefulness with respect to urban development. These ideas are reflected in the eighteenth century by the actors who decide and carry out urban operations. Grenoble is involved in this line of thought despite the difficulties it encounters. Contributors are numerous, as conflicts troubling them, which has obviously an impact on the progress, the execution and the implementation of urban projects. The grip of king's agents, the decline of the Office of Finance, the parliamentary opposition and also the sidelining of the consuls are issues that fuel disputes. Grenoble, situated at the confluence of the Isère and the Drac (etymologically: the dragon), two watercourses still largely unconquered at this time, is enclosed in a straitjacket of walls and old ramparts. Its geographical location as well as its status of military place are not without consequences on the urban layout. In the eighteenth century, the emerging representations of the city lead to a change of the "urban landscape": the hygiene, the healthiness are concerns that government takes more and more into account without sacrificing comfort and the improvement of the resident's living environment. The widening, the straightening and paving of the streets are privileged, the nature is integrated into the arrangements with the creation of walks, gardens, the places are in honour of the King, the notion of monumental perspective develops. This paper relates the Grenoble's town planning evolutions in the eighteenth century, by replacing the city in a general context of cities smartening.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 18, 2010 - 7:00:13 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-00537630, version 1

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Marie Borrel. Le Siècle des Lumières et l'embellissement des villes : acteurs, réalisations et difficultés. Une capitale provinciale, Grenoble. Histoire. 2010. ⟨dumas-00537630⟩

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