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Master Thesis

Les "ballets russes", un art étranger entre France et Russie. Mutations et transferts culturels d'une pratique artistique

Abstract : In 1909 an artistic tornado hit Paris : Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes performed at the Chatelet Theatre. This arrival set in motion a radical change in the world of ballet in France. Decors, stage costumes and choreography in general, underwent modifications aimed at turning a stage art into "Total Art". The success of these performances was such that they affected Parisian life, as was the case for example of the exotic clothes of the couturier Paul Poiret, inspired by the ballet The Firebird. However Diaghilev's Ballets Russes were not the only Russian company to perform in Paris. The purpose of this dissertation is to show how the Russian ballets phenomenon, which lasted over more than twenty years, reflects the socio-cultural changes of French society. The Belle Epoque may well have adopted the trends created by the Russian ballets but, in turn, the Russian ballets had to adapt to the effervescence of the Années Folles with its constant search for novelty. They also had to live with a new political context ; the Bolshevik revolution obviously afected the status of Russian dancers abroad. Then, following the death of Diaghilev, emblematic figure of Russian Ballet, in 1929 other Russian companies increasingly worked abroad, some, even, no longer performing in Paris. Therefore Russian ballet companies were an international phenomenon through their cosmopolitan make-up as well as their frequent tours on different continents. A wide range of cultural transfers took place,the artistic content of Russian Ballet was influenced by the countries they visited but in turn they also influenced other countries. That influence may well still endure.
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Master Thesis
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Violaine Chatoux. Les "ballets russes", un art étranger entre France et Russie. Mutations et transferts culturels d'une pratique artistique. Histoire. 2011. ⟨dumas-00610625⟩

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