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Master Thesis

Élaboration d'une grille de dépistage des enfants à risque du syndrome du biberon à disposition des médecins généralistes et des pédiatres

Abstract : Objective: Baby bottle tooth decay is a severe form of early childhood caries. This study aims to elaborate a screening tool for children at risk, in order to facilitate primary prevention. Methods : a case-control study was conducted among children suffering from baby bottle tooth decay and children with no dental caries. Cases were children aged five years old or less at diagnosis who experienced at least four caries with one or more affecting maxillary incisors. Controls were children matched for age and sex. Parents were interviewed by phone, about children's exposition of potential risk factors. Results : We included 88 children suffering from baby bottle tooth decay and 88 children with no dental caries. In multivariate analysis, low social class (OR 6.39 [95% CI, 1.45-28.11]), prolonged bottle feeding or bedtime feeding (OR 153.2 [95% CI, 11.77-1994.96]) and snacking (OR 5.94 [95% CI, 1.35-26.2]) were significantly associated with baby bottle tooth decay. Regular dental visits were a significant protecting factor (OR 0.13 [95% CI, 0.02-0.77]). A score was developed using these significant risk factors, and tested on the survey population. The mean score was 13/20 for cases and 4/20 for controls. Discussion : these results are in accordance with the literature, except for brushing teeth that was not significantly associated with baby bottle tooth decay in our study. Conclusion : a screening scale with a score of 20 points was proposed. Future validation is required. Pediatricians and general practitioners should encourage the parents to change their habits.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-00618739
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Submitted on : Friday, September 2, 2011 - 4:39:23 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 15, 2020 - 8:58:03 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, December 3, 2011 - 2:26:55 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-00618739, version 1

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Joëlle Khadra-Eid. Élaboration d'une grille de dépistage des enfants à risque du syndrome du biberon à disposition des médecins généralistes et des pédiatres. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2011. ⟨dumas-00618739⟩

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