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Master Thesis

Contribution à l'analyse de la relation entre la filière aérobie et les performances sportives des skieurs alpins en filière d'accès au haut-niveau de 1994 à nos jours‎ : détermination de facteurs aérobies prédictifs de la performance

Abstract : In order to describe the link between alpine skiing performances and the aerobic metabolism, we collected data from 1166 maximal exercise tests on skiers from 1994 to 2010. There are anthropometric differences, more visible for men than women, according to their specialty. However, these differences could result from the varying average age per discipline. Age, weight and BMI are the main discriminating factors to establish their specialty ("technique", "speed" or "all-rounder" group), the oldest and heaviest usually being speed group experts. The timeline monitoring shows that aerobic power changes in regard to different training loads. Multi-variate factor analysis results show there isn't a single isolating factor directly associated to performance, but rather a group of factors (VO2, VCO2, VE and Maximal power or speed output ...). Nonetheless, the highest achieving skiers are most often above average in age, weight, BMI, height, VO2max, VCO2max, VEmax and maximal power output... This study shows the implication of aerobic metabolism, among others, in performance. Aerobic training should be encouraged in training programs for alpine skiers who wish to reach the highest level. However, the intervention of other intrinsic factors, such as strength, technicality, cerebral faculties, or extrinsic factors, such as equipment or environment, must not be disregarded.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-00619300
Contributor : Jean-Hugues Morneau <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 17, 2012 - 5:54:00 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 11:36:16 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, December 7, 2011 - 2:22:53 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-00619300, version 1

Citation

Flavien Zitoun-Florentin. Contribution à l'analyse de la relation entre la filière aérobie et les performances sportives des skieurs alpins en filière d'accès au haut-niveau de 1994 à nos jours‎ : détermination de facteurs aérobies prédictifs de la performance. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2011. ⟨dumas-00619300⟩

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