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I. Annexe, Scripts R utilisés pour établir les heatmaps et les dendrogrammes associés, et le test Kruskal Wallis Heatmaps et dendrogrammes: library(gplots) library(pvclust) a<-read.delim, Gene.txt

W. Test-kruskal, data <-read.delim('Fichier.txt', h=T) library (agricolae) compare<-kruskal(data$NRQGene,data$Modalite,group=T)

I. Annexe, Observations microscopiques à balayage électronique de la germination des spores de la souche 104 de V. inaequalis sur les variétés 'Fiesta', 'Gala' et 'MM106' de Malus x domestica Borkh, pp.24-32, 2011.

I. Annexe, Observations phénotypiques des trois génotypes 'Fiesta', 'MM106' et 'Gala, p.29

R. La-pomme-est-le-fruit-le-plus-produit-et-consommé-en-france, Du fait de cet enjeu économique fort, il est important de réduire l'utilisation de produits phytosanitaires, sur cette production sans en impacter le rendement. La création variétale cherche à produire aujourd'hui des variétés à résistance durable, en combinant pour cela des résistances partielles. Il s'agit de résistances quantitatives et à large spectre d'hôte dans lesquelles la résistance basale est la première ligne de défense inductible. Toutefois, les mécanismes sous-jacents sont très peu connus. A travers l'analyse de l'expression de gènes du pommier, sélectionnés pour être potentiellement impliqués dans la résistance basale, l'objectif a été d'étudier une telle résistance chez la variété partiellement résistante à la tavelure 'Fiesta' par rapport à la variété sensible 'Gala

F. , L. , L. , C. Cebip, W. et al., ils sont en majorité plus exprimés avant infection chez 'Fiesta' que chez 'Gala'. Ce résultat est cohérent avec l'hypothèse vérifiée pour le pathosystème riz/Magnaporthe grisea et selon laquelle l'expression préformée des gènes impliqués dans la résistance est globalement plus élevée chez les variétés à résistante partielle par rapport aux variétés sensibles. De plus, l'analyse de l'expression des gènes CEBiP et MPK6 post-inoculation par Venturia inequalis nous a également permis de constater une répression globale de ces gènes chez les trois génotypes, Ce résultat pourrait indiquer que des effecteurs de Venturia inequalis ciblent et répriment les gènes impliqués dans la résistance basale du pommier afin de favoriser l'infection