M. Gaspard, Troubles de l'occlusion dentaire et SADAM. Sèvres: Procodif editeur, 1985.

J. Orthlieb and E. Ehrmann, Dimension Verticale d'Occlusion : des mythes et des limites, Réal Clin, vol.24, issue.2, pp.99-104, 2013.

S. Palla and . La, Dimension Verticale : les connaissances et les incertitudes Rapport du Collège National d'Occlusodontologie. Paris, 1995.

J. Orthlieb, D. Brocard, J. Schittly, and A. Maniere-ezvan, Occlusodontie pratique. Éditions CdP, 2000.

C. Millet, C. Jeannin, and P. Jaudoin, Dimensions verticales en proth??se compl??te, EMC - Odontologie, vol.1, issue.1, pp.325-335, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.emcodo.2004.12.002

P. Dawson, Les problèmes de l'occlusion. Évaluation. Diagnostic et traitement, 1982.

K. Turner and D. Missirlian, Restoration of the extremely worn dentition, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.52, issue.4, pp.467-74, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3913(84)90326-3

J. Abduo and K. Lyons, Clinical considerations for increasing occlusal vertical dimension: a review, Australian Dental Journal, vol.44, issue.Suppl 3, pp.2-10, 2012.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1834-7819.2011.01640.x

J. Orthlieb, M. Rebibo, and B. Mantout, La dimension verticale d'occlusion en prothèse fixée. Critères de décision, Cah Prothèse, issue.n°120, pp.67-79, 2002.

J. Lasfargues and P. Colon, Odontologie conservatrice et restauratrice -Tome 1 : une approche médicale globale. Éditions CdP, 2010.

J. Abduo, Safety of increasing vertical dimension of occlusion: a systematic review, Quintessence Int Berl Ger, vol.43, issue.5, pp.369-80, 1985.

W. Rivera-morales and N. Mohl, Relationship of occlusal vertical dimension to the health of the masticatory system, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.65, issue.4, pp.547-53, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3913(91)90298-B

M. Hay, I. Okeson, and J. , Dysfonctionnement de l'Appareil Manducateur et Dimension Verticale d'Occlusion : revue de littérature, Réal Clin, vol.24, issue.2, pp.93-101, 2013.

J. Christensen, Effect of occlusion-raising procedures on the chewing system, Dent Pract Dent Rec, vol.20, issue.7, pp.233-241, 1970.

G. Carlsson, B. Ingervall, and G. Kocak, Effect of increasing vertical dimension on the masticatory system in subjects with natural teeth, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.41, issue.3, pp.284-293, 1979.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3913(79)90008-8

B. Dahl and O. Krogstad, The effect of a partial bite raising splint on the occlusal face height:An x-ray cephalometric study in human adults, Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, vol.150, issue.1, pp.17-24, 1982.
DOI : 10.14219/jada.archive.1946.0034

B. Dahl and O. Krogstad, Long-term observations of an increased occlusal face height obtained by a combined orthodontic/prosthetic approach, Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, vol.31, issue.2, pp.173-179, 1985.
DOI : 10.1016/0300-5712(75)90032-9

M. Gross and Z. Ormianer, A preliminary study on the effect of occlusal vertical dimension increase on mandibular postural rest position, Int J Prosthodont, vol.7, issue.3, pp.216-242, 1994.

Z. Ormianer and M. Gross, A 2-year follow-up of mandibular posture following an increase in occlusal vertical dimension beyond the clinical rest position with fixed restorations, Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, vol.48, issue.Suppl. 24, pp.877-83, 1998.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2842.1998.00326.x

Z. Ormianer and A. Palty, Altered vertical dimension of occlusion: a comparative retrospective pilot study of tooth-and implant-supported restorations, Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants, vol.24, issue.3, pp.497-501, 2009.

M. Gough and D. Setchell, A retrospective study of 50 treatments using an appliance to produce localised occlusal space by relative axial tooth movement, British Dental Journal, vol.187, issue.3, pp.134-143, 1999.
DOI : 10.1038/sj.bdj.4800223a

J. Rugh and C. Drago, Vertical dimension: A study of clinical rest position and jaw muscle activity, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.45, issue.6, pp.670-675, 1981.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3913(81)90426-1

J. Okeson, Treatment and management of Temporomandibular Disorders, 2012.

G. Hellsing, Functional adaptation to changes in vertical dimension, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.52, issue.6, pp.867-70, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-3913(84)90001-5

S. Kiliaridis, C. Katsaros, and S. Karlsson, Effect of masticatory muscle fatigue on cranio-vertical head posture and rest position of the mandible, European Journal of Oral Sciences, vol.51, issue.3, pp.127-159, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3913(84)90192-6

M. Gross, Z. Ormianer, K. Moshe, and E. Gazit, Integrated electromyography of the masseter on incremental opening and closing with audio biofeedback: a study on mandibular posture, Int J Prosthodont, vol.12, issue.5, pp.419-444, 1999.

W. Bell, Temporomandibular disorders, classification, diagnosis management. Chicago: year book medical publishers, 1986.

W. Rivera-morales and N. Mohl, Restoration of the vertical dimension of occlusion in the severely worn dentition, Dent Clin North Am, vol.36, issue.3, pp.651-64, 1992.

J. Orthlieb and E. Ehrmann, Déterminants du choix de la DVO thérapeutique, Réal Clin, vol.24, issue.2, pp.133-141, 2013.

T. Chou, D. Moore, L. Young, . Jr, A. Glaros et al., Occlusal vertical dimension in prosthodontics, Kaohsiung J Med Sci, vol.12, issue.5, pp.260-266, 1996.

D. Incau, E. Couture, C. Maureille, and B. , Human tooth wear in the past and the present: tribological mechanisms, scoring systems, dental and skeletal compensations, Arch Oral Biol, vol.57, issue.3, pp.214-243, 2012.

E. Miramont and J. Orthlieb, Perte de calage, usure, érosion migration et DVO, Réal Clin, vol.24, issue.2, pp.105-117, 2013.

D. Brocard, J. Laluque, and C. Knellesen, La gestion du bruxisme, Quintessence International, 2008.

J. Orthlieb, Gnathologie fonctionnelle -Volume 1 : occlusion et restauration prothétique, 2010.

D. Boever, J. Carlsson, G. Klineberg, and I. , Need for occlusal therapy and prosthodontic treatment in the management of temporomandibular disorders., Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, vol.7, issue.8, pp.647-59, 2000.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2842.2000.00623.x

M. Wang, F. Xue, J. He, J. Chen, C. Chen et al., Missing Posterior Teeth and Risk of Temporomandibular Disorders, Journal of Dental Research, vol.88, issue.10, pp.942-947, 2009.
DOI : 10.1177/0022034509344387

R. Tallents, D. Macher, S. Kyrkanides, R. Katzberg, and M. Moss, Prevalence of missing posterior teeth and intraarticular temporomandibular disorders, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.87, issue.1, pp.45-50, 2002.
DOI : 10.1067/mpr.2002.121487

P. Sarita, C. Kreulen, D. Witter, M. Van-'t-hof, and N. Creugers, A study on occlusal stability in shortened dental arches, Int J Prosthodont, vol.16, issue.4, pp.375-80, 2003.

B. Dahl, G. Carlsson, and A. Ekfeldt, Occlusal wear of teeth and restorative materials: A review of classification, etiology, mechanisms of wear, and some aspects of restorative procedures, Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, vol.51, issue.5, pp.299-311, 1993.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2842.1977.tb00967.x

D. Rozencweig, Algies et dysfonctionnements de l'appareil manducateur. Paris: CdP, 1994.

T. Kato, N. Thie, N. Huynh, S. Miyawaki, and G. Lavigne, Topical review: sleep bruxism and the role of peripheral sensory influences, J Orofac Pain, vol.17, issue.3, pp.191-213, 2003.

F. Lobbezoo, J. Ahlberg, A. Glaros, T. Kato, K. Koyano et al., Bruxism defined and graded: an international consensus, Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, vol.17, issue.1, pp.2-4, 2013.
DOI : 10.1111/joor.12011

A. Woda, P. Vigneron, and D. Kay, Nonfunctional and functional occlusal contacts: A review of the literature, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.42, issue.3, pp.335-376, 1979.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3913(79)90226-9

P. Shah, S. Razavi, and D. Bartlett, The Prevalence of Cervical Tooth Wear in Patients with Bruxism and Other Causes of Wear, Journal of Prosthodontics, vol.33, issue.suppl 6, pp.450-454, 2009.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1532-849X.2009.00456.x

J. Pia, A. Soenen, and M. Bartala, Lésions érosives : approche diagnostique et thérapeutique, Cah Prothèse, issue.163, pp.27-34, 2013.

M. Laurent and T. Touchet, Variation de dimension verticale et thérapeutique prothétique : illustrations cliniques, Réal Clin, vol.24, issue.2, pp.139-184, 2013.

F. Spear, Fundamental occlusal therapy consideration In Science and practice of Occlusion. Chicago: Mc neill C. éditor, 1997.

R. Slavicek, A. Pédinielli, and J. Orthlieb, Typologie squelettique et choix de la Dimension Verticale d'Occlusion, Réal Clin, vol.24, issue.2, pp.119-131, 2013.

M. Dumitrache, K. Gabison, A. Atrtchine, and C. Chabre, Trois analyses céphalométriques usuelles, EMC -Médecine Buccale, vol.8, issue.4, 2013.

R. Slavicek, K. Tajima, and V. Sudmann, Importance of skeletal location of maxilla to determine the vertical dimension of occlusion, international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine, vol.134, issue.5, pp.159-64, 2010.
DOI : 10.1007/s12548-010-0060-6

C. Edwards, M. Richards, E. Billy, and L. Neilans, Using computerized cephalometrics to analyze the vertical dimension of occlusion, Int J Prosthodont, vol.6, issue.4, pp.371-377, 1993.

J. Orthlieb, M. Laurent, and O. Laplanche, Cephalometric estimation of Vertical Dimension of Occlusion, Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, vol.27, issue.9, pp.802-809, 2000.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2842.2000.00592.x

B. Keough, Occlusion-based treatment planning for complex dental restorations: Part 1, Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent, vol.23, issue.3, pp.237-284, 2003.

A. Johansson, A. Johansson, R. Omar, and G. Carlsson, Rehabilitation of the worn dentition, Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, vol.15, issue.24, pp.548-66, 2008.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2842.1993.tb01596.x

S. Rhee, S. Kang, and H. Park, Balanced Angular Profile Analysis, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol.114, issue.2, pp.535-579, 2004.
DOI : 10.1097/01.PRS.0000131873.98390.36

A. Crothers and A. Sandham, Vertical height differences in subjects with severe dental wear, The European Journal of Orthodontics, vol.15, issue.6, pp.519-544, 1993.
DOI : 10.1093/ejo/15.6.519

N. Mohindra and J. Bulman, The effect of increasing vertical dimension of occlusion on facial aesthetics, British Dental Journal, vol.3, issue.3, pp.164-172, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/0002-9416(85)90067-3

A. Tjan, G. Miller, and J. The, Some esthetic factors in a smile, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.51, issue.1, pp.24-32, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-3913(84)80097-9

M. Jorgensen and H. Nowzari, Aesthetic crown lengthening, Periodontology 2000, vol.41, issue.1, pp.45-58, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0002-9343(99)00114-X

H. Wang and H. Greenwell, Surgical periodontal therapy, Periodontology 2000, vol.47, issue.1, pp.89-99, 2000.
DOI : 10.1034/j.1600-0757.2001.22250107.x

B. Vence, Predictable Esthetics through Functional Design: The Role of Harmonious Disclusion, Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry, vol.39, issue.3, pp.185-191, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3913(89)90288-6

G. Carlsson, Dental occlusion: modern concepts and their application in implant prosthodontics, Odontology, vol.18, issue.suppl2, pp.8-17, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/s10266-008-0096-x

C. Goodacre, W. Campagni, and S. Aquilino, Tooth preparations for complete crowns: An art form based on scientific principles, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.85, issue.4, pp.363-76, 2001.
DOI : 10.1067/mpr.2001.114685

C. Becker and D. Kaiser, Evolution of Occlusion and Occlusal Instruments, Journal of Prosthodontics, vol.64, issue.1, pp.33-43, 1993.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1532-849X.1993.tb00379.x

J. Türp, C. Greene, and J. Strub, Dental occlusion: a critical reflection on past, present and future concepts, Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, vol.18, issue.6, pp.446-53, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/S0304-3959(03)00074-5

S. Mehta, S. Banerji, B. Millar, and J. Suarez-feito, Current concepts on the management of tooth wear: part 3. Active restorative care 2: the management of generalised tooth wear, BDJ, vol.20, issue.3, pp.121-128, 2012.
DOI : 10.1038/sj.bdj.2008.1023

A. Johansson, R. Omar, and G. Carlsson, Bruxism and prosthetic treatment: A critical review, Journal of Prosthodontic Research, vol.55, issue.3, pp.127-163, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jpor.2011.02.004

N. Poyser, R. Porter, P. Briggs, H. Chana, and M. Kelleher, The Dahl Concept: past, present and future, British Dental Journal, vol.181, issue.1, pp.669-76, 2005.
DOI : 10.1038/sj.bdj.4812371

S. Mehta, S. Banerji, B. Millar, and J. Suarez-feito, Current concepts on the management of tooth wear: part 2. Active restorative care 1: the management of localised tooth wear, BDJ, vol.19, issue.2, pp.73-82, 2012.
DOI : 10.2341/08-11

F. Chu, A. Siu, P. Newsome, T. Chow, and R. Smales, Restorative management of the worn dentition: 2. Localized anterior toothwear, Dent Update, vol.29, issue.5, pp.214-236, 2002.

K. Hemmings, U. Darbar, and S. Vaughan, Tooth wear treated with direct composite restorations at an increased vertical dimension: Results at 30 months, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.83, issue.3, pp.287-93, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-3913(00)70130-2

A. Borghetti and V. Monnet-corti, Chirurgie plastique parodontale, CdP, 2000.

A. Gargiulo, F. Wentz, and B. Orban, Dimensions and Relations of the Dentogingival Junction in Humans, Journal of Periodontology, vol.32, issue.3, pp.261-268, 1961.
DOI : 10.1902/jop.1961.32.3.261

Y. Grossmann and A. Sadan, The prosthodontic concept of crown-to-root ratio: A review of the literature, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.93, issue.6, pp.559-62, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prosdent.2005.03.006

M. Lulic, U. Brägger, N. Lang, M. Zwahlen, and G. Salvi, Ante's (1926) law revisited: a systematic review on survival rates and complications of fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) on severely reduced periodontal tissue support, Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol.53, pp.63-72, 2007.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2007.01438.x

D. Incau, E. Bartala, and M. , Prothèse fixée dento-portée. Les dernières dents, Garder ou extraire -Solutions cliniques Michel Postaire et Michel Pompignoli. L'Information Dentaire, pp.42-54, 2011.

B. Dahl, O. Krogstad, and K. Karlsen, An alternative treatment in cases with advanced localized attrition, Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, vol.15, issue.3, pp.209-223, 1975.
DOI : 10.1016/S0096-6347(41)90224-7

H. Chana, M. Kelleher, P. Briggs, and R. Hooper, Clinical evaluation of resin-bonded gold alloy veneers, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.83, issue.3, pp.294-300, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-3913(00)70131-4

H. Craddock, C. Youngson, M. Manogue, and A. Blance, Occlusal Changes Following Posterior Tooth Loss in Adults. Part 1: A Study of Clinical Parameters Associated with the Extent and Type of Supraeruption in Unopposed Posterior Teeth, Journal of Prosthodontics, vol.48, issue.6, pp.485-94, 2007.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2842.1998.00243.x

D. Compagnon and A. Woda, Supraeruption of the unopposed maxillary first molar, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.66, issue.1, pp.29-34, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-3913(91)90347-Y

J. Kelly, I. Nishimura, and S. Campbell, Ceramics in dentistry: Historical roots and current perspectives, The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol.75, issue.1, pp.18-32, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-3913(96)90413-8

A. Milosevic, Toothwear: management. Dent Update, pp.50-55, 1998.

D. Bartlett and G. Sundaram, An up to 3-year randomized clinical study comparing indirect and direct resin composites used to restore worn posterior teeth, Int J Prosthodont, vol.19, issue.6, pp.613-620, 2006.

S. Mehta and B. Millar, A comparison of the survival of fibre posts cemented with two different composite resin systems, BDJ, vol.13, issue.11, p.23, 2008.
DOI : 10.1038/sj.bdj.2008.1023

A. Fernandes and G. Dessai, Factors affecting the fracture resistance of post-core reconstructed teeth: a review, Int J Prosthodont, vol.14, issue.4, pp.355-63, 2001.

E. Leforestier, L. Ceretti, E. Darque-ceretti, O. Laplanche, and M. Bolla, Reconstitutions corono-radiculaires ? Avez-vous la fibre ? Cah Prothèse, pp.63-73, 2009.

V. Seguela, A. Soenen, O. Laviole, and M. Bartala, Reconstitution corono-radiculaire et systèmes tout-céramique, Cah Prothèse, issue.155, pp.15-27, 2011.

O. Laplanche, E. Leforestier, E. Médioni, and M. Bolla, Les reconstitutions corono-radiculaires : principes généraux et critères de décision, Strat Prothétique, vol.8, issue.4, pp.255-68, 2008.

F. Descamp and E. O. , Inlay core, une technique encore d'actualité ? Cah Prothèse, pp.59-68, 2010.

N. Stankiewicz and P. Wilson, The ferrule effect, Dent Update, vol.35, issue.4, pp.222-226, 2008.

J. Juloski, I. Radovic, C. Goracci, Z. Vulicevic, and M. Ferrari, Ferrule Effect: A Literature Review, Journal of Endodontics, vol.38, issue.1, pp.11-20, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joen.2011.09.024

F. Santana, C. Castro, P. Simamoto-júnior, P. Soares, P. Quagliatto et al., Influence of post system and remaining coronal tooth tissue on biomechanical behaviour of root filled molar teeth, International Endodontic Journal, vol.89, issue.5, pp.386-94, 2011.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2591.2010.01807.x