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Master Thesis

Le marronnier d'Inde (Aesculus hippocastanum L.) : études botaniques, chimiques et thérapeutiques

Abstract : The horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L.) is a tree belonging to the family Hippocastanaceae; native to the Balkans, it needs sunshine and a wetland for growth. Its large palmately compound leaves generally comprise seven toothed leaflets. White flowers with red spot are produced in erect panicles. This tree print various vernacular names such as false chestnut, conker tree. Many studies standardized to aescin show formerly known therapeutic effects (anti-inflammatory, anti-edematous, veinotonic). Other therapeutic activities have been demonstrated in vitro, in vivo, or in clinical studies: cancerology, free radical scavenging properties, infertility treatment of varicocele or perfusion disorders of the inner ear as well as cosmetics. The chestnut is also write in A list of medicinal plants of the French Pharmacopoeia (11th edition) and has been the subject of five monographs, seed is the main part of the plant used. The information is validated by the Explanatory Note to the Medicines Agency (France), the Commission E (Germany) and by the European Medicines Agency. The botanical aspect of genus Aesculus, the chemical composition of different parts of the horse chestnut and its therapeutic effects and toxicity are detailed in this thesis. Therapeutically, medicines and food supplements based on this plant are detailed too.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Monday, June 16, 2014 - 4:07:54 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 15, 2020 - 8:56:03 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01006873, version 1

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Cécile Vieu. Le marronnier d'Inde (Aesculus hippocastanum L.) : études botaniques, chimiques et thérapeutiques. Sciences pharmaceutiques. 2014. ⟨dumas-01006873⟩

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