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Master Thesis

Couverture vaccinale contre l'hépatite B de la population consultant au Centre de Dépistage Anonyme et Gratuit de Grenoble‎ : connaissances, perceptions et attitudes vis-à-vis de l'hépatite B et de sa vaccination

Abstract : Despite the availability of an effective vaccine, French vaccination coverage (VC) against hepatitis B virus (HBV) remains too low. The target of this study was to investigate the VC against HBV among the population attending the sexually transmitted infection screening center (CDAG) in Grenoble. Knowledge and behaviours toward hepatitis B and its vaccination was analyzed secondarily. This transversal study was conducted from March 1st to June 13th 2013, at the Grenoble's CDAG. Every patient attending a consultation during the study period was invited to answer an anonymous questionnaire and to do a HBV serology as part of the screening procedure. From the 1136 patients attending the CDAG during the study period, 735 were included. VC reached 45,2% according to the patients' declaration; 56,6% according to the vaccination booklets; and 55,4% according to serologies. 33 patients had a serologic test result indicating a previous contact with HBV, 7 were AgHBs carriers. Vaccination coverage was higher (69,1%) within the group aged from 25 to 32 years old (targeted by the 1994-1998 national vaccination campaign). The population considered hepatitis B as a serious illness but the risk perception was widely under-estimated. Vaccination against hepatitis B was distrusted as the controversy still remained on most patients' mind. VC against HBV remains below the threshold recommended by the WHO. The shallow knowledge about hepatitis B may explain the low awareness of individual risk, accounting for low uptake of this vaccination that still suffers from public distrust. A communication effort directed toward both the general public and health care workers seems essential to improve practices.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01017544
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 2, 2014 - 4:40:06 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 11:36:17 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, October 2, 2014 - 11:52:02 AM

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Lauranne Moyroud. Couverture vaccinale contre l'hépatite B de la population consultant au Centre de Dépistage Anonyme et Gratuit de Grenoble‎ : connaissances, perceptions et attitudes vis-à-vis de l'hépatite B et de sa vaccination. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2014. ⟨dumas-01017544⟩

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