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Master Thesis

La scolarisation des patients atteints par des Troubles du Spectre Autistique sans retard mental

Abstract : Introduction: The education of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder without mental retardation is a subject still little explored in the literature. Aims: The objective of this study was to evaluate a number of clinical, personal and cognitive factors that may be related to the use of Auxiliary Life School (according to French Education System). Methodology: 83 autistic patients (3-18 years; 73 man and 10 women) without mental retardation and taking schooling were included in the Alpine Centre for Early Diagnosis of Autism. Results: the sample included: 45 subjects with typical autism, 12 subjects with atypical autism and 26 subjects with Asperger. Our results show that typical and atypical autism are mainly found in the nursery and primary school, they have a more frequently Auxiliary Life School and a larger number of consultations and treatment episodes compared with Aspergers. Cognitive profiles obtained with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, 4e edition (WISC-IV) also differ: the Verbal Comprehension Index (VCI) and Working Memory Index (WMI) are higher than Aspergers for the typical and atypical autism. The VCI and Processing Speed Index (PSI) are indirectly correlated to the number of hours of Auxiliary Life School. No link between psychiatric comorbidity, king of psychological and psychiatric treatment and education were found. Conclusion: Using Auxiliary Life School seems to be associated with the autism spectre disorder diagnosis and with neuropsychological functioning as assessed by WISC IV, along a continuum that ranges from typical autism (more needs and deficits) to Asperger syndrome through atypical autism.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01063693
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Submitted on : Friday, September 12, 2014 - 4:37:40 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 15, 2020 - 8:58:04 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01063693, version 1

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Dévi Grimm. La scolarisation des patients atteints par des Troubles du Spectre Autistique sans retard mental. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2014. ⟨dumas-01063693⟩

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