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Master Thesis

Pourquoi et comment devient-on grimpeur ? L'éclairage d'une comparaison géographique Bretagne-Rhône-Alpes

Abstract : The main purpose of this study is to understand the reasons that breton sporty people and the mountain dwellers to get involved in the activity of climbing which is more and more attractive nowadays, especially in Brittan. If climbing has been studied already many times before, whether from a historical point of view (Aubel, 2005), or from a psychoanalytical point of view (De Léséleuc et Raufast, 2004) or even from a sociological point of view (Corneloup, 2002; De Léséleuc, 2004), our sociological study allows to highlight sporting paths followed by climbers by drawing a parallel between two populations: bretons and mountains dwellers. For that purpose, fifteen semi-structured interviews and two word-association tests were conducted on cross-selections of climbers who showed a strong involvement and dedication in climbing. After complete transcription, a thematic analysis of the content was made. The study tends to show that the beginning of climbing is qualitatively different depending on the native region of sportspersons. On one hand, there is a strong influence from the familiar background and a culturally marked environment for climbers from mountain regions demonstrating the importance of processes called "passive". On the other hand, for bretons, it is synonym of reflexivity and seizing opportunities which reflects the predominance of processes said "active". Moreover, the factors that can explain this persistence in the activity have been highlighted and prove to be the same for bretons and mountain dwellers: the feeling of belonging and the importance of social connections and interactions, commitment and surpassing oneself, the discoveries that the activity allows are the three main reasons. However, within these categories, qualitative differences between these two groups appear. Eventually, our study shows the representations associated by climbers to the different forms of practising the activity and their notion of a climber identity. On that point, the existence of "identity-based conflicts" has been highlighted among several breton climbers.
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Master Thesis
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Carole Leboeuf. Pourquoi et comment devient-on grimpeur ? L'éclairage d'une comparaison géographique Bretagne-Rhône-Alpes. Sociologie. 2014. ⟨dumas-01064945⟩



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