F. Aguiar, P. Brañas-garza, M. P. Espinosa, and L. M. Miller, Personal identity: a theoretical and experimental analysis, Journal of Economic Methodology, vol.9, issue.3, pp.261-275, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joep.2007.04.001

G. A. Akerlof and W. T. Dickens, The economic consequences of cognitive dissonance, The American Economic Review, vol.72, issue.3, pp.307-319, 1982.

G. A. Akerlof and R. E. Kranton, Economics and Identity*, Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.115, issue.3, pp.715-753, 2000.
DOI : 10.1162/003355300554881

G. A. Akerlof and R. E. Kranton, Identity economics: How our identities shape our work, wages, and well-being, 2010.
DOI : 10.1515/9781400834181

K. Arrow, THE THEORY OF DISCRIMINATION, Working Papers Industrial Relations Section, vol.403, 1971.
DOI : 10.1515/9781400867066-003

K. J. Arrow, What Has Economics to Say About Racial Discrimination?, Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol.12, issue.2, pp.91-100, 1998.
DOI : 10.1257/jep.12.2.91

D. Austen-smith, J. Roland, and G. Fryer, An Economic Analysis of "Acting White", The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.120, issue.2, pp.551-583, 2005.
DOI : 10.1093/qje/120.2.551

G. S. Becker, The economics of discrimination, 1957.
DOI : 10.7208/chicago/9780226041049.001.0001

G. S. Becker, The economics of discrimination, 2010.
DOI : 10.7208/chicago/9780226041049.001.0001

R. Bénabou and J. Tirole, Willpower and Personal Rules, Journal of Political Economy, vol.112, issue.4, pp.848-886, 2004.
DOI : 10.1086/421167

D. Benjamin, J. Choi, and J. Strickland, Social Identity and Preferences, American Economic Review, vol.100, issue.4, pp.1913-1928, 2010.
DOI : 10.1257/aer.100.4.1913

G. Charness, L. Rigotti, and A. Rustichini, Individual Behavior and Group Membership, American Economic Review, vol.97, issue.4, pp.1340-1352, 2007.
DOI : 10.1257/aer.97.4.1340

Y. Chen and S. X. Li, Group Identity and Social Preferences, American Economic Review, vol.99, issue.1, pp.431-457, 2009.
DOI : 10.1257/aer.99.1.431

D. L. Dickinson and R. L. Oaxaca, Statistical Discrimination in Labor Markets: An Experimental Analysis, Southern Economic Journal, vol.5, issue.1, pp.16-31, 2009.
DOI : 10.4284/sej.2009.76.1.16

N. I. Eisenberger, M. D. Lieberman, and K. D. Williams, Does Rejection Hurt? An fMRI Study of Social Exclusion, Science, vol.302, issue.5643, pp.290-292, 2003.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1089134

N. Ellemers, The Group Self, Science, vol.336, issue.6083, pp.848-852, 2012.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1220987

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00918800

N. Ellemers, R. Spears, and B. Doosje, Self and Social Identity, Annual Review of Psychology, vol.53, issue.1, pp.161-186, 2002.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135228

C. Fershtman and U. Gneezy, Discrimination in a Segmented Society: An Experimental Approach, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.116, issue.1, pp.351-377, 2001.
DOI : 10.1162/003355301556338

L. Festinger, A theory of cognitive dissonance, 1962.

S. P. Heap and D. J. Zizzo, The Value of Groups, American Economic Review, vol.99, issue.1, pp.295-323, 2009.
DOI : 10.1257/aer.99.1.295

E. T. Higgins, Self-discrepancy: A theory relating self and affect., Psychological Review, vol.94, issue.3, p.319, 1987.
DOI : 10.1037/0033-295X.94.3.319

U. Horst, A. Kirman, and M. Teschl, Changing identity: the emergence of social groups, 2006.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00410853

J. A. List, The Nature and Extent of Discrimination in the Marketplace: Evidence from the Field, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.119, issue.1, pp.49-89, 2004.
DOI : 10.1162/003355304772839524

R. Oaxaca, Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets, International Economic Review, vol.14, issue.3, pp.693-709, 1973.
DOI : 10.2307/2525981

J. Panksepp, NEUROSCIENCE: Feeling the Pain of Social Loss, Science, vol.302, issue.5643, pp.237-239, 2003.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1091062

E. S. Phelps, The statistical theory of racism and sexism. The american economic review, pp.659-661, 1972.

M. Rabin, Psychology and economics, Journal of Economic Literature, vol.36, issue.1, pp.11-46, 1998.

A. G. Sanfey, J. K. Rilling, J. A. Aronson, L. E. Nystrom, and J. D. Cohen, The Neural Basis of Economic Decision-Making in the Ultimatum Game, Science, vol.300, issue.5626, pp.1755-1758, 2003.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1082976

J. Sonnemans, F. V. Dijk, and F. V. Winden, On the dynamics of social ties structures in groups, Journal of Economic Psychology, vol.27, issue.2, pp.187-204, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joep.2005.08.004

H. Tajfel and J. C. Turner, An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. The social psychology of intergroup relations 33, p.47, 1979.

F. Van-dijk, J. Sonnemans, and F. Van-winden, Social ties in a public good experiment, Journal of Public Economics, vol.85, issue.2, pp.275-299, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0047-2727(01)00090-1

F. Van-dijk and F. Van-winden, Dynamics of social ties and local public good provision, Journal of Public Economics, vol.64, issue.3, pp.323-341, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0047-2727(96)01620-9

V. Vugt, M. , and C. M. Hart, Social Identity as Social Glue: The Origins of Group Loyalty., Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol.86, issue.4, p.585, 2004.
DOI : 10.1037/0022-3514.86.4.585

D. J. Zizzo, You are not in my boat: common fate and discrimination against outgroup members, International Review of Economics, vol.28, issue.1, pp.91-103, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s12232-010-0108-3