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Master Thesis

Manifestations exécutives dans l'évaluation de la compréhension orale chez des adultes cérébrolésés non aphasiques

Abstract : Clinical observations have shown that brain-damaged non-aphasic adults may have subtle aural-verbal comprehension disorders. We worked on the assumption that these problems were linked to an impairment of the mechanisms underlying language, such as executive functions. However, at the present time, the tools we have do not seem sufficient to objectify these receptive language disorders. In this context, it seemed essential to us to develop a new aural-verbal comprehension assessment protocol targeting the functions which may be deficient: working memory, switching, inhibition and updating. We standardized it on a population of 90 control subjects aged 25 to 40 and then invited a population of 20 braindamaged non-aphasic adults to take part in this protocol too. Then we compared the results we obtained with those of different verbal and non-verbal tests calling for relatively equivalent executive skills in order to insure a better analysis of the executive processes on the impact of understanding. Our experiment shows that two out of three of our tests proved to be significantly efficient in evaluating the difficulties that a large number of patients had with understanding. Therefore, the material we developped opens up prospects for the evaluation and treatment of receptive language disorders.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01076539
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Submitted on : Monday, November 2, 2015 - 1:58:27 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 11, 2020 - 3:50:32 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01076539, version 1

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Cécile Provost, Amandine Rémy. Manifestations exécutives dans l'évaluation de la compréhension orale chez des adultes cérébrolésés non aphasiques. Sciences cognitives. 2014. ⟨dumas-01076539⟩

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