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Master Thesis

Caractérisation des élevages de races locales et réalisation d'outils pour l'accompagnement à la professionnalisation

Abstract : France possesses a wide variety of livestock breeds from XIXth and the XXth century. At that time, the Breton races shone on the French territory. But, the development of the French agriculture, after the Second World War, has relegated them under backward-looking breeds. Today, the various actors of the preservation of races emphasize that they present an interest and new farmers settle with Breton races. It is on their initiative that the Fédération des Races de Bretagne which includes various breeders' associations of Breton races was created in 2011. A major challenge is to pass of a stage of preservation at a stage of valuation of races. To answer it, the Fédération wished to conduct a study to characterize this breeding, by identifying the diversity of systems and their strengths and weaknesses in order to provide a communication tool for people wishing to settle in local race and actors of the installation. This study provides references on this breeding and shows that these races allow livestock farms economically, environnementalement and socially sustainable. These breeds have, also, undeniable assets: adaptation to different soil and climatic conditions, interesting skills, the ability to obtain products of gastronomic interest, preservation of cultural heritage. Thereafter, by questioning various actors of the installation, we were able to notice their interest to obtain a communication and technical tool on the breeding of local races. A type of representation was also decided on. Finally, three types of documents have been published because it was necessary to present the Federation, what represents this breeding, the specifics of each breeds and follow step by step the project leaders.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 3, 2014 - 9:14:34 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01090118, version 1



Rim Chaabouni. Caractérisation des élevages de races locales et réalisation d'outils pour l'accompagnement à la professionnalisation. Sciences agricoles. 2014. ⟨dumas-01090118⟩



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