Représentations sociales de la profession médicale au XXIe siècle véhiculées par la blague médicale : enquête auprès des médecins

Abstract : Background: Jokes are part of the physicians’ everyday life since the beginning of their studies. To be efficient, humour must be based on stereotypes. Jokes are then a good way to get to the stereotypes of our profession. Aim: To study the stereotypes of the physicians about their jobs, by analyzing the medical jokes. Methods: Qualitative study using a Google document distributed to all the French medical population, students or physicians (using professional and personal mailing lists, social network, and mass-medias). Collecting sociological data and recording which joke has made them most laugh. Triangulating the data to analyse them, part done by the 3 examiners. Classification of the stereotypes into categories. Results: 512 answers received between 06/06/2013 and 14/07/2013, representing 220 different jokes. The whole medical profession was represented (age, speciality, location...). Anesthetists could be perceived as lazy, drinking a lot of coffee and much more asleep than their patients. Surgeons could be seen as megalomaniac, tyrannical with their colleagues, operating before thinking because they only have one neuron. Medical students appear meek until foolishness. Psychiatrists were seen as mad as theirs patients, starting the consultation without them, and more interested by their past parent issues. Others stereotypes to describe physicians were cynicism, venality, salacious behavior. Discussion: Stereotypes are quite caricatural and depict a rather unflattering medical profession. This is to emphasise the humour of the joke. This study raises the question of how real these stereotypes are and what are their part into physicians relationship.
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Master Thesis
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Clément Pacault, Damien Maurin. Représentations sociales de la profession médicale au XXIe siècle véhiculées par la blague médicale : enquête auprès des médecins. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2013. ⟨dumas-01103955⟩

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