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Master Thesis

Les liens entre la santé mentale et le contexte résidentiel à Marseille

Abstract : In France, the consumption rate of psychotropic drugs (anxiolytics, hypnotics and antidepressants) is one of the highest in Europe. Recommendations about prescription time limits and treatment indications are weakly enforced and some consumptions are sometimes not justified or even dangerous. Today, the local public authorities are worried about health risks associated with this phenomenon. Many studies have demonstrated important spatial disparities in the prevalence of psychotropic drugs refunds. They have also pointed out many factors which might explain health inequalities with mainly individual effects but also contextual ones. Marseilles is the perfect example to highlight the importance of such study in order to understand health inequalities and more precisely the spatial disparities in the use of psychotropic drug, given the city's important territorial and sanitary contrasts. A contextual approach of this problematic permits to define Marseilles' neighbourhoods and, in this way, creates a classification of this territory. Besides, in order to describe and quantify the spatial disparities in the consumption of psychotropic drugs the multilevel model permits to analyze individual behaviors while taking into account larger spaces such as neighborhoods. This is how health inequalities are therefore described in detail, which brings new data about the relation between health and environment.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Friday, February 6, 2015 - 11:50:17 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01113783, version 1


Paul Rodrigues. Les liens entre la santé mentale et le contexte résidentiel à Marseille. Géographie. 2013. ⟨dumas-01113783⟩



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