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Master Thesis

Efficacité des interventions brèves motivationnelles et délivrées par une borne interactive en prévention de l’alcoolisation fœtale : essai randomisé contrôlé

Abstract : Introduction: brief motivational interventions and interventions delivered by computer are effective in alcohology. Their interests not yet known in pregnant women as abstinence are recommended. Methods: Prospective Randomized the efficiency of brief intervention delivered by interactive terminal and of brief motivation self‐assessed their alcohol consumption; the AUDIT was used to assess the maternal risk and AUDIT-­G to assess the fetal risk. Women included were divided into three groups: (1) Information by a standard booklet recommending abstinence, (2) information by the terminal with a customized booklet (3) brief motivational intervention. The main outcome criterion was the abstinence rate in each group one month after intervention, secondary criteria were reducing in consumption at one month and at birth. Results Among 1994 participants, 21.2% reported alcohol consumption in fetal risk. Of the 154 included, 54 became abstinent one month after surgery with no significant difference between groups. After a month, decreasing consumption was greater in the brief motivational intervention group compared to the other two groups and also in the intervention group using a terminal compared to the control group, in frequency of use (p=0.001) and extent of consumption (p=0.045). Conclusion: Pregnant women tend to decrease their alcohol consumption following its identification and intervention in whatever form. Following several quantitative criteria, the decrease in consumption was greater in the brief motivational intervention group.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01145882
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01145882, version 1

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Fanny Delahousse Bouyer. Efficacité des interventions brèves motivationnelles et délivrées par une borne interactive en prévention de l’alcoolisation fœtale : essai randomisé contrôlé. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2014. ⟨dumas-01145882⟩

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