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Master Thesis

Threpti et Trophimi. Étude onomastique, socio-économique et anthropologique de l’emploi des noms threptus, Threptus et Trophimus à travers la littérature et les inscriptions de langue latine de l’empire romain (Ier siècle av. J.-C. - IIIe siècle ap. J.-C.)

Abstract : At the turn of the Republic and the Empire, the Latin tongue enriches itself with three new names which are borrowed from the Greek world : a common name, threptus, and two cognomina, Threptus and Throphimus. All three are the transliteration of the words qreptoj and trofimoς. That linguistic adoption can surprise at first sight, because of the latinophonics who already have the word alumnus to mean a quite similar situation as the one described by the Greek terms. That situation is the fosterage, the relationship between an adult and a child who are not blood bounded. It is however that our three names refer to a certain kind of fosterage which is not fully given back by the alumnus, qreptoj and trofimoς terms. Indeed, those who were called threpti, and mostly, the users of the cognomina Threptus and Throphimus are a specific social category, in terms both economical, legal and parental. Individuals in ascension achieving, or in statutory transition, probably sustained by influent men, our study subjects could be protected by powerful citizens. Yet, with the lack of clues in sufficient number, we need to stay cautious : Threpti and Throphimi are forming a distinct group which is difficult to describe precisely, but who also needs for the Latins the use of a specific lexicon. The legal and social situation of those characters has implied by itself a using of the Hellenic tongue. That linguistic integration is processed from a complex exchange mechanism. Only the regions marked by centuries of fosterage practice have adopted the using of our three names. The trade, the army, and the creation of colonies were at the origin of massive and regular flows of men, their tongue and their customs, and have probably been agents of transfers. However the Roman East has been barely touched by the Threpti and Throphimi because it was not a simple phenomenon of export but really a cultural creation made from outside borrowing and indigenous customs. Far from replacing their customs by more popular eastern practices with an acculturation logic, the latinophonic residents of the Roman Empire set up original and evolutionary vocabulary and parental customs.
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Master Thesis
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Gaëlle Perrot. Threpti et Trophimi. Étude onomastique, socio-économique et anthropologique de l’emploi des noms threptus, Threptus et Trophimus à travers la littérature et les inscriptions de langue latine de l’empire romain (Ier siècle av. J.-C. - IIIe siècle ap. J.-C.) . Histoire. 2012. ⟨dumas-01147627⟩

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