. Asthma, Ressource électronique]. [Genève] : World Health Organisation, 2013.

F. Disponible-sur, D. , F. C. Pour-le-groupe-Épidémiologie-et-recherche-clinique-de-la, and S. , Asthma in France: a review of descriptive epidemiological data, 151?9. [cité 6 nov 2014]. France. Disponible sur, 2010.

M. , B. Sh, H. Ta, L. C. , and B. Er, Uncontrolled asthma means missed work and school, emergency department visits for many Californians, Policy Brief UCLA Cent Health Policy Res. juill, pp.2008-2029, 2008.

B. E. , A. J. , B. L. , S. V. Chouaid-c, V. A. et al., Les recours pour asthme dans les services des urgences dIle de France Disponible sur: http://www.invs.sante.fr/beh Coûts de l'asthme en France : modélisation médico-économique par un modèle de Markov, 5?8. [cité 18 nov 2014]. France, pp.493-499, 2004.

A. Sh, K. Rj, F. M. , M. S. Ober-c, and H. S. , Early life risk factors for current wheeze, asthma, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness at 10 years of age Asthma genetics 2006 : the long and winding road to gene discovery, Disponible sur, pp.95-100, 2005.

B. H. , L. J. , H. A. , P. , and C. Y. Cook-dg, IL4RA, and FCERIB genes and asthma severity Pt 1):135?40. [cité 8 juil 2014]. France. Disponible sur: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science, Polymorphisms in the IL4, 2000.

C. Jc and M. Dk, Prenatal and passive smoke exposure and incidence of asthma and wheeze : systematic review and meta-analysis, Disponible sur, 2012.

C. , F. A. Watson-w, D. , and R. R. , Canadian asthma primary prevention study : outcomes at 2 years of age, J Allergy Clin Immunol. avr, vol.113, issue.12, 2004.

. Lilley-m, The Canadian Childhood Asthma Primary Prevention Study : outcomes at 7 years of age Exposure to dogs and cats in the first year of life and risk of allergic sensitization at 6 to 7 years of age, J Allergy Clin Immunol. juill JAMA. 28 août, vol.116288, issue.18, pp.963-72, 2002.

T. Disponible-sur, W. A. Lm, H. Cj, H. M. , M. W. et al., Tucson Children's Respiratory Study: 1980 to present, 661?75; quiz 676. 17. JUST J, GOUVIS-ECHRAGHI R, 2003.

A. Gouin-s, R. I. , G. J. , G. C. , C. D. et al., Prospective Evaluation of Two Clinical Scores for Acute Asthma in Children 18???Months to 7???Years of Age, Academic Emergency Medicine, vol.152, issue.6 suppl, pp.598-603, 2010.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2010.00775.x

. Disponible-sur, GINA Report, Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention

C. A. Wells and . Ph, Disponible sur: http://sign.ac.uk/guidelines/fulltext National Institutes of Health. NIH Guidelines for diagnostic and treatment of Asthma, 2007.

G. P. Disponible-sur and O. G. , nhlbi.nih.gov/health-pro/guidelines/current/asthma-guidelines 25 Acute dyspnea in children

C. Disponible-sur, D. Ds, D. Fm, and . Gm, The Preschool Respiratory Assessment

H. O. Driscoll-br, D. Ls, and . Ag, PRAM): a responsive index of acute asthma severity British Thoracic Society. BTS guideline for emergency oxygen use in adult patients, Measure J Pediatr. déc Thorax. oct, vol.13763, issue.6, 2000.

F. Disponible-sur, C. Cj, W. Ej, R. Bh-c, and G. D. , Holding chambers (spacers) versus nebulisers for betaagonist treatment of acute asthma, CD000052. [cité 5 juil 2014]. France. Disponible sur, 2013.

R. Gj and C. Ja, dose inhaler with spacer vs nebulization for severe and potentially severe acute asthma treatment in the pediatric emergency department Arch Pédiatrie Organe Off Sociéte Fr Pédiatrie Anticholinergics in the treatment of children and adults with acute asthma: a systematic review with meta-analysis, mars Thorax. sept, vol.1360, issue.309, pp.740-746, 2005.

R. D. Disponible-sur, S. J. Alfaro-c, G. Mm, S. Op, D. Sr et al., Are intravenous corticosteroids required in status asthmaticus? JAMA. 22 juill Corticosteroid timing and length of stay for children with asthma in the Emergency Department, J Asthma Off J Assoc Care Asthma. oct, vol.26049, issue.48, pp.862-869, 1988.

Z. R. Disponible-sur, P. A. , O. Mh, K. T. , C. R. et al., Triage nurse initiation of corticosteroids in pediatric asthma is associated with improved emergency department efficiency, Pediatrics. avr, vol.132129, issue.4, pp.671-80, 2012.

N. Rg, H. G. , S. B. , and C. Ra, paediatrician or general practitioner: randomised controlled trial with two-year follow-up How general practitioners manage acute asthma attacks, Paediatric asthma outpatient care by asthma nurse84?91. 39, pp.153-159, 1997.

B. I. De-blic-j and S. P. , Exacerbation d'asthme aux urgences pédiatriques : caractéristiques des enfants et évaluation des pratiques des parents. 43 p. Thèse : Médecine : Paris 11; 2013. 42. COCHEZ M. Description de la population d'enfants asthmatiques connus consultant aux urgences hospitalières pour une exacerbation d'asthme potentiellement évitable, Principaux outils en statistiquesPrincipaux outils en statistiques.pdf 41. VORDONIS L

F. Disponible-sur, R. Bh, E. Ml, S. Ch, D. B. et al., Corticosteroid therapy for acute asthma, Respir Med. avr, vol.98, issue.4, pp.275-84, 2004.

R. Bh, S. C. , D. Fm, B. J. Bota-gw-p, S. M. Robertson-c-cf et al., Early emergency department treatment of acute asthma with systemic corticosteroids Parent-initiated oral corticosteroid therapy for intermittent wheezing illnesses in children, Corticosteroids for preventing relapse following acute exacerbations of asthmaCD002178. 48. VUILLERMINCD005311. 49. VUILLERMIN PJ, pp.195-242, 2001.