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Master Thesis

La vie et l’œuvre scientifique d'Augustin Morvan, médecin de campagne à Lannilis au XIXe siècle

Abstract : Augustin Marie Morvan, M.D. (1819-1897), born in Lannilis (France), chose to practice medicine in a poor rural area among his own people, even though his titles and reputation could have made him a rich man in the city. He was an early activist in favour of a public healthcare system and stood in support of the impoverished on many occasions. Having first been elected mayor of his village and member of various local assemblies under the Second Empire, he was eventually elected as a left-wing member of the French Parliament under the Third Republic. He also was an accomplished scientist in spite of practicing far from Paris and the academic community. Two diseases are named after him: Morvan’s disease is thought to be a rare form of syringomyelia combining analgesic paresis and multiple paronychiae whereas Morvan’s fibrillary chorea (a.k.a. Morvan’s syndrome) is an autoimmune disease targeting hippocampus and the neuromuscular junction and is primarily characterized by myokymia and central nervous system manifestations. This dissertation consists of a biography of Augustin Morvan, especially focused on his scientific work and his political commitment to public health and healthcare through the nineteenth century historical and scientific context, as viewed through the eyes of a contemporary observer.
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Master Thesis
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Florian Le Gall. La vie et l’œuvre scientifique d'Augustin Morvan, médecin de campagne à Lannilis au XIXe siècle. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2013. ⟨dumas-01165626⟩

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