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Master Thesis

Incidence des boissons énergétiques sur la présence de bactéries cariogènes dans la salive : mise en place d'un protocole

Abstract : Elite athletes follow demanding training regimes to perform, including risk factors which are known to lead to dental caries development. Caries are due to a combination of factors, including colonization of teeth with cariogenic bacteria, such as Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus ssp, and their exposure to sugars. Given that caries risk is greatest if sugars are consumed at high frequency and are in form that is retained in mouth for long periods, sports drinks consumption may promote cariogenic bacteria development. Materials and methods: 35 athletes (aged from 16 to 35) were recruited. A first, a questionnaire assessing risk factors for caries (general health, oral hygiene habits, diet, frequency of sports drinks consumption) was given, and a clinical oral examination was done (recording decayed, missing, filled teeth or DMFT). Saliva samples were collected. After saliva isolation on selective agar, the strains were identified by biochemical and molecular biology methods. Results : Two strains of S. mutans were found, only in athletes consuming sports drinks regularly. Other bacteria were found, corresponding to the diversity of oral bacterial flora. All participants were clinically assessed as having high risk for caries. They reported not being informed about sport drinks Conclusion : Results show regular consumption may promote them, but samples of regular consumers were too low to be statistically relevant. Further studies should be conducted. By the way, this study highlights to the athletes, to their dentist and to the coaches the importance of understanding the impact of diet and consumption patterns on oral health.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 7, 2015 - 12:48:37 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 15, 2020 - 9:03:57 AM
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Wallid Boujemaa-Azzi. Incidence des boissons énergétiques sur la présence de bactéries cariogènes dans la salive : mise en place d'un protocole. Chirurgie. 2015. ⟨dumas-01172385⟩

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