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Master Thesis

L'acquisition de la liaison dans les groupes nominaux et les groupes verbaux

Abstract : The liaison, as a special sandhi phenomenon in French, has been a popular subject of debate in linguistics. The usage-based theory proposed that the liaison is a construction larger than just one word, and the noun and verb phrases are two sub-constructions. Chevrot et al. (2009) proposed that children, at the first stage of acquisition, construct a schema with a word1 and several exemplars of word2. At the second stage, children construct a schema in which the consonant of liaison is determined by the word1. However, while the acquisition of liaisons in noun phrases, i. e. determinant-noun, has been largely discussed, the researches on the acquisition of liaisons in verb phrases remain limited. In this article, a comparison was drawn between the development of liaisons in both noun and verb phrases. The children were tested with a nomination test, which included 18 noun phrases and 30 verb phrases. The results revealed that the children learned the liaisons in verb phrases faster than in noun phrases. The schema of second acquisition stage appeared at around the age of 5 in the noun phrases while it is already developed at 3;1 – 3;11 (our youngest age group) in the verb phrases. The errors of replacement confirmed that children had several exemplars of word2 with different initial consonants, and as the occurrence of these errors slowed, the children moved from the first stage to the second stage of acquisition. It was also noted that the acquisition of liaisons in these two grammatical phrases is correlated, implying that they belong to the same construction. Finally, the role of frequency in development was examined. The results showed that a high frequency of word1-word2 sequences facilitate the development of acquisitions of liaisons. A qualitative analysis of nine children younger than 37 months is provided at the end. It was noted that children at an early age, children already showed a better performance in verb phrases than in noun phrases.
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Master Thesis
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01192631, version 1

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Chien-Ju Chen. L'acquisition de la liaison dans les groupes nominaux et les groupes verbaux. Linguistique. 2015. ⟨dumas-01192631⟩

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