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Master Thesis

Rapport entre la maladie rénale chronique du stade 2 à 5 et les pathologies de la cavité buccale

Abstract : The chronic renal failure (CRF) defines itself as the permanent decrease of the glomerular filtration rate under 90 mL/min/1.73 m². There is 5 stages of severity. Aims : The main aim of this study is to evaluate the oral diseases observed in the patients suffering of CFR not yet on dialysis. The secondary aim is to know if the inflammatory condition produce by oral diseases can increase renal inflammation. Methods : We interrogated the data bases PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar using the key words combination. Results : We found 19 studies. The patients not yet on dialysis presented less caries but more enamel hypoplasias and pulp obloterations than healthy patients. All studies demonstrate an increase of periodontitis prevalence in pre-dialysis patients. Moreover, his severity increase with the CRF stage. We noted modifications of saliva composition. Patients often reported xerostomia, halitosis and alteration of taste. W! e also observed that parodontal treatment decrease inflammatory factors. Conclusion : Oral diseases are present before the dialysis stage and aggravate with dicrease of GFR. This study show the importance of dental care of CRF patients.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 22, 2015 - 12:51:28 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 15, 2020 - 9:03:57 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, December 29, 2015 - 7:17:52 AM

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Laura Lagarde. Rapport entre la maladie rénale chronique du stade 2 à 5 et les pathologies de la cavité buccale. Chirurgie. 2015. ⟨dumas-01203133⟩

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