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Master Thesis

Facteurs prédictifs d’empathie chez les internes en médecine générale

Abstract : Objective: Empathy is a necessary skill to every physician. Thus, promoting empathy among residents in general practice is primordial. Our objective is to determine predictive factors of empathy in this population. Method: This is a cross-sectional study realized in April 2013. Residents in general practice from Parisian universities about to finish their first semester of residence were invited to answer a self-reported online questionnaire. Sociodemographic data, hobbies, professional factors, training and factors related to well-being or emotional distress (life satisfaction, anxiety, depression, burnout) were analyzed. Empathy was measured with Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy. Results: Among the 215 residents who answered, 175 questionnaires are filled with empathy. The mean score of global empathy is 104.3 (sd =11.8). Global empathy is significantly associated to regular sport practice (p=0.01), “informal” training (p=0.03), depersonalization and personal accomplishment components of burnout (p<0.01). Perspective taking is significantly associated to “informal” training (p<0.01). The three dimensions of empathy are associated to one or several components of burnout (p<0.02). Conclusion : Carrying on efforts in residents training, ensuring their well-being and especially reducing their burnout could favor the development of empathy throughout the medical cursus.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01230643
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 18, 2015 - 5:51:19 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:42:55 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01230643, version 1

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Marie-Liesse Marot. Facteurs prédictifs d’empathie chez les internes en médecine générale. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2015. ⟨dumas-01230643⟩

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