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Master Thesis

Stevia rebaudiana B. : réels enjeux de santé publique ou campagne marketing ?

Abstract : The sugar is found in many foods and beverages around the world. Excessively consumed by our civilization, sugar engenders serious and irreversible illness. Unfortunately, these diseases are more and more abundant and occured earlier. Stevia rebaudiana B. contains steviol glycosides which have sweetness between 200 and 350 times stronger than saccharose. Moreover it provides neither calories nor carbohydrates which confers a zero glycaemic index. Stevia falls within a resolving approach against sugar pathologies. Since 2009, steviol glycosides are authorized like sweetener in France and since 2011 for the Eurozone. As the introduction of this sweetener is relatively new, none influences are noticed on obesity and diabetes. Study must be lead in coming years. In addition to their sweetness property, steviol glycosides show others characteristics : anticariogenic, antidiabetes, antioxydant, antimicrobial, antihypertensive, anti-inflammation, anticarcinogenic. They can be used in treatment of sugar-related or no sugar-related pathologies, but at present they are not commercialized for these activities. Regarding the economic aspect, stevia represent a double issue. On one hand it would decrease the healthcare expenses, on the other hand it would generate many to the food industry if it replaced sugar and others sweeteners. This second issue is mainly due to the natural origin of steviol glycosides which are more attractive than synthetic sweeteners. Stevia market is in expansion but the healthcare expenses are not decreased because authorizations of circulation are recent in Europe.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01235395
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Submitted on : Monday, November 30, 2015 - 10:44:15 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 15, 2020 - 8:56:03 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, April 28, 2017 - 11:56:56 PM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-01235395, version 1

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Jonathan Lesniarek. Stevia rebaudiana B. : réels enjeux de santé publique ou campagne marketing ?. Sciences pharmaceutiques. 2015. ⟨dumas-01235395⟩

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