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Master Thesis

Les oléoprotéagineux dans la lutte contre le changement climatique

Abstract : The agriculture is a victim, an actor and part of the solution of climate change. It emits 20% of French ‘greenhouses emissions but could also mitigate them by 20 to 60 %. Oilseeds’ peculiarities give them a prominent place in agriculture’s climate change’s fight. They can mitigate GHG emissions at different scales. Legumes reduces the emissions by 2 t CO2 eq / ha in comparison with the emissions of a free legumes’ rotation. Oleaginous generate lowers emissions through their industrial products. Oleaginous can produce biodiesel to replace some of the fossil fuels and the production of oleaginous meal can replace imported soybean meals which produces more GHG. Oilseed can also fill a part of France’s protein deficit. But some agronomic and regulatory brakes prevent excessive re-cultivation of oleaginous. Also, economic brakes are holding back the growth of legumes: we concluded a French reduction potential of soybean meal imports by 20% through the development of oilseed crops in France. Reaching such a rate that allows substantial GHG economies, would require a political support. This support, which already exists, could be strengthened by climate change oriented policies, based on the interests of oilseed in mitigating GHG emissions.
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Master Thesis
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01256129, version 1



Carole Le Jeune. Les oléoprotéagineux dans la lutte contre le changement climatique. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2015. ⟨dumas-01256129⟩



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