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Master Thesis

La participation des habitants dans le cadre de la politique de la ville et des projets de renouvellement urbain. Étude comparée des processus participatifs à partir de l’exemple des quartiers strasbourgeois

Abstract : In these times characterized by the signature of the “Contrats de ville”, the new instruments of the french public policy called “Politique de la ville” (a policy which deals with problems in deprived neighbourhoods), the theme of inhabitants participation in these neighbourhoods has been brought back to the forefront, in a context of democratic system’s crisis, and by the fact that the “Politique de la ville” has proved its ineffectiveness and its powerlessness since its inception 40 years ago. If the participation of the inhabitants is well known as benefic and essential for the projects in deprived neighbourhoods,in most cases, only devices of information, plebiscite or dialogue were implemented. Several international examples, like the concept of empowerment, the method of community organizing, or the participative budgets show interesting opportunities of evolution for the local involvement in France. The example of Strasburg is intersesting because since 2008, emphasis was placed on participative democracy and on the inhabitants’ participation, in particular through the National Urban Renewal Programme (PNRU). In this context, the participative strategy implemented in the neighbourhoods of Hautepierre and Cronenbourg from Strasburg, for the elaboration of the “Contrat de ville” and the New National Urban Renewal Programme (NPNRU), between april and july 2015, allowed to learn different elements from these practices, espacially in a few months with the implementation of the “Contrats de ville”, with a claimed objectif of co-elaboration of the projects. Thus, several preconisations can be done, about the french governance of the “Politique de la ville” and about the possibilities to empower the inhabitants, in order to give their right place in the projects’ processes and to recognize the statute of experts in these neighbourhoods.
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Master Thesis
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Julien Raude. La participation des habitants dans le cadre de la politique de la ville et des projets de renouvellement urbain. Étude comparée des processus participatifs à partir de l’exemple des quartiers strasbourgeois. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. 2015. ⟨dumas-01266744⟩

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