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Master Thesis

L'autonomie en maternelle

Abstract : Autonomy is a complex concept which requires the appropriation of different skills and attitudes by the pupils. It is a gradual process of breaking away from the previously indispensable help of an adult. To develop autonomy, the teacher will have to propose explicit teaching methods, encourage the construction of methodological skills, structure space and time and guide his pupils. I have chosen to take a reflective look at the autonomous workshops that were set up in my first-year preschool class: to what extent do they encourage the development of my pupils’ autonomy? In order to validate the hypothesis that these workshops help develop autonomy, I observed my pupils according to a criterion-based grid. The analysis of this first experiment showed that the pupils had not developed the level of autonomy I expected. I proposed adjustments mainly based on acquiring methodological skills, in order to enable my pupils to become autonomous. After four weeks of guided workshops, I observed my pupils in accordance with the same criterion-based grid. I concluded that the fact that space and time were structured and delimited, and the fact that activities were ritualized and the pupils guided, allowed them to develop real autonomy.
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Master Thesis
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01271834, version 1



Clarisse Brussoz. L'autonomie en maternelle. Education. 2015. ⟨dumas-01271834⟩



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