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Master Thesis

Nature et politique. Histoire d'Athènes et philosophie platonicienne

Abstract : In terms of a political approach, it is absolutely necessary to study the question of law. Does the law have to be opposed to nature as was done by the sophists? Or, on the contrary, does it find its foundations in nature itself? The problematic we are concerned with in this body of research is the link between law and nature according to Platonic definitions. It is also an attempt to question antic theories on the link between law and nature. In order to answer adequately, and to understand Plato's definition of the law, we started by analysing Athens’ political history by focusing on crises and reforms, in order to better appreciate Plato’s own originality and philosophy. This historical analysis will enable us to understand the distance created by the Founder of the Academy with regards to tyranny and democracy. The opposition manifested by Plato against the sophists and the presocrastics is not only a critical attitude towards scholars of his time, but the need to give concepts their needed definition, in order for truth to prevail. Thus, it is the definition of nature which will determine whether the opposition between nature and law can be considered viable...
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 11, 2016 - 9:48:13 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01272565, version 1


Islam Belala. Nature et politique. Histoire d'Athènes et philosophie platonicienne. Philosophie. 2015. ⟨dumas-01272565⟩



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