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Master Thesis

Mortality situation in selected HIV / AIDS seroprevalence regime clusters of Kenya

Abstract : This study attempts to determine the mortality differential by the prevailing HIV prevalence regime cluster. The sentinel surveillance results recorded for the last seven years, were averaged to determine the grouping of the clusters into high, mid and low HIV prevalence regimes (clusters), taking a recourse to determining the differentials in HIV/AIDS incidence and prevalence and the impact of HIV/AIDS on mortality. The study used mainly the NASCOP and CBS data, the method used for analysis of infant and child mortality was Coale and Trussell version of the Brass method while for adult mortality the study used orphanhood method. Statistical methods used were, the analysis of variance. At the household environmental level, the results of the indirect technique established that there was marked differentials in mortality by variable and by variable categories in each cluster. Children in households with modern toilet facilities, better quality housing, floor material type, clean drinking water and who, reside in urban areas had generally lower risk of death than other variable categories. Cluster wise, the high HIV cluster generally had higher mortality levels, followed by the mid HIV cluster while the low HIV cluster had the lowest risk of death. This study data therefore supports the study objective that there is marked mortality differentials by household environmental factors. However, these factors associated with lower risk of child death were in fact impacted more by AIDS such that the percentage increment in child mortality by these factors was found to be higher.
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Master Thesis
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Tom Owuor. Mortality situation in selected HIV / AIDS seroprevalence regime clusters of Kenya. Demography. 1999. ⟨dumas-01302475⟩

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