The effectiveness of the Prisons Service in the rehabilitation of offenders in Kenya

Abstract : The problem of crime in Kenya is reported to be worsening and it needs to be addressed in the most effective way especially by the Government of Kenya. The imprisonment approach has continued to be used as a major way of rehabilitating offenders in the hope of reducing if not eliminating the crime problem. Some critics of the approach argue that prisons have not achieved their objective of rehabilitating offenders since there is increase in crime rates both in the rural and the urban settings where most crimes are reported to be committed by offenders who have been imprisoned more than once. Our prisons are also filled by this category of offenders. This implies that there is a problem in the functioning of the Prisons Service. The mass media highlights a few reforms in the Prisons Service mainly focusing on the improvements in the living conditions of inmates. However, little (if any) appears to be reported on the conditions of the prison officers, yet the officers have a major stake in the alleged failure of the Prisons Service. There is limited information on the factors undermining the effectiveness of prison officers in the rehabilitation of offenders due to the long history of closed boundaries of prisons. It was therefore against this background that the main objective of this study was to examine the factors undermining the effectiveness of prison officers in the rehabilitation of offenders. The study assumed that constraints/problems in the work environment of prison officers affected the officers' effectiveness in the rehabilitation of offenders. It also assumed that prisons were not effective in the rehabilitation of offenders in Kenya. To achieve the objectives of the study, a research was conducted among ex-prisoners living in Taita Taveta district in the Coast Province of the Republic of Kenya and prison officers working in the four prisons in the district. The district was chosen as the study site mainly for its convenience and advantage to the researcher especially in terms of increased mobility and easier tracing of the key respondents since he resides in the district. The survey was the primary method of data collection. Both qualitative and quantitative data was collected using interview schedules consisting of fixed and open-ended-questions administered in mainly structured face-to-face individual interviews.
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Mémoires
Sociology. 2008
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Dernière modification le : mercredi 23 août 2017 - 16:31:20
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Stephen Muteti. The effectiveness of the Prisons Service in the rehabilitation of offenders in Kenya. Sociology. 2008. 〈dumas-01303400〉

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