Land settlement schemes in Nyandarua district of Kenya, with particular reference to Oljoro-orok division, 1960-1991

Abstract : This study examines the settlement schemes of Nyandarua District from 1963 to 1991, with particular emphasis on the schemes of Oljoro-orok Division. In 1960, the exclusive reservation of the Highlands for White settlers was terminated the by repeal of the Kenya Land Order-in-Council of 1960. The White Highlands were then opened to all races, thus leading to the establishment of the African land settlement schemes. The area under study has been occupied by three groups of people in different time periods: the Maasai, the White settlers and the African settlers. The Maasai occupied the area during the pre-colonial and early colonial period. After the establishment of the British rule, and following the treaties of 1904 and 1911 between the Maasai and the British, the Maasai were moved to create room for White settlers. Large areas of the Kenya Highlands were thus alienated for White farmers and came to be known as the White Highlands. Present-day Nyandarua District was created in 1963, and in the same year the first African settlers were settled there, with the Kikuyu being the majority. The settlement schemes of Oljoro-orok Division were of two types,low and high density. The schemes in were settled in three time periods. The first group of settlers arrived in the 1960s, the second in the 1970s and the third in the 1980s. The government was more involved with the settlements of the 1960s then with the later settlement. Using loans and grants from the British and West German governments,the World Bank, and th6 Commonwealth Development Corporation,the Kenya government purchased land occupied by the White settlers with the idea of establishing African settlement schemes. This was done to facilitate a smooth transfer of resources from the White settlers and to satisfy the land hungry Africans. By so doing, the colonial government was trying to ensure that the economy was not disrupted by the abrupt departure of White settlers most of whom were reluctant to remain under an African government, and that independence was not delayed. [...]
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History. 1992
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Dernière modification le : mercredi 23 août 2017 - 16:31:23
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Martha Wangari Gikenye. Land settlement schemes in Nyandarua district of Kenya, with particular reference to Oljoro-orok division, 1960-1991. History. 1992. 〈dumas-01312977〉

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