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Master Thesis

L'alimentation dans la ville : inégalités, cohabitation, action publique locale

Abstract : This thesis is about the urban dimensions of food practices. It combines a metropolitan approach of inequalities, and a localized, comprehensive approach of inequalities, coexistence between social groups and local public action. The former takes the form of a spatial analysis, in Paris and its suburbs. The latter is an urban ethnography in a context of class and ethno-racial diversity – the Goutte d'Or neighborhood (18th arrondissement of Paris). In Paris and its surroundings, neighborhood effects on food practices consist in the intensification of the social differentiation of such practices. Conducting fieldwork in the Goutte d'Or allows to point out that these neighborhood effects shape food eclecticism (i.e., practices corresponding to varied logics of distinction). Such eclecticism distinguishes the upper stratum of the working class, old-established immigrants and residents, and residents attached to their community and embedded in its sociability networks. These social groups also differ in their strategic uses of urban space. The precarious working class seeks to diversify its resource places. The stable working class uses the Goutte d'Or outlets, but also other stores located in the working-class areas of Paris and its suburbs. The middle class and the upper class wish to shop in the neighborhood, but the outlets are not germane to their practices – their mobility is restricted to the 18th arrondissement. Such differentiation of practices at the local level fuels avoidance practices and distinction games between social groups. What's more, the immigrant working-class lifestyles are ostentatious in the public space and hence hold back gentrification. But the non-immigrant middle and upper classes make up the majority of participatory bodies, so that local public action on food tallies with their expectations. Local public action then encourages the establishment of shops that are congruent with the practices of the non-immigrant middle- and upper classes, and sharpens the perceptions of gentrification (among institutional actors, associative actors, retailers, residents and users).
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Master Thesis
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01342639, version 1



Coline Ferrant. L'alimentation dans la ville : inégalités, cohabitation, action publique locale. Sociologie. 2015. ⟨dumas-01342639⟩



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