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Master Thesis

L'usage des produits cosmétiques controversés pendant la grossesse et la lactation : revue de la bibliographie

Abstract : Background: The emergence of endocrine disrupters is a major challenge of the 21st century. In fact, these components are ubiquitous in our living environment, particularly in cosmetics. Daily exposure of pregnant women to these products and the effects on fetal development shared by the scientific community. What are the cosmetic ingredients whose use is controversial and what dangers do they have on the health of the pregnant woman, the course of pregnancy, fetal development and lactation ? Objectives: To identify the disputed cosmetic substances and possible effects on the course of pregnancy, fetal development and lactation. Method: Literature review of articles published in English and French between 2000 and 2016, from the Pub Med database. Results: The identified controversial cosmetic substances were parabens, phthalates, alkylphenols, triclosan, UV filters and phenoxyethanol and BHA. The main significant effects demonstrated in rats have been an infringement of the development of reproduc-tive organs and neurological development of the fetus. Conclusion: The main concerns relate to the ability of these cosmetic substances to disrupt the endocrine system, and multiplicity in the various products sold, exposing the individual from its development in utero to the consequences that may be irreversible.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01370804
Contributor : École Universitaire de Maïeutique Marseille Méditerranée (eu3m) <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 3, 2017 - 11:14:23 AM
Last modification on : Monday, July 6, 2020 - 4:04:37 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 4, 2017 - 12:05:15 PM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-01370804, version 1

Citation

Nadjma Abdou. L'usage des produits cosmétiques controversés pendant la grossesse et la lactation : revue de la bibliographie. Gynécologie et obstétrique. 2016. ⟨dumas-01370804⟩

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