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Master Thesis

« Docteur, j’ai fait un autotest, et … » : opinions des médecins généralistes sur les autotests VIH

Abstract : Fighting against the HIV epidemy starts by diagnosis of infected people, to offer them a treatment and thus limiting the virus spread. In France, 30000 persons are unaware of their seropositivity. In September 2015, France authorized the market release of HIV home tests. They are sell over the counter in drug stores and can be used unsupervised. The purpose of this thesis is to understand how the general practitioners perceive this tool, and how it may impact their practice. General practitioners’ perceptions were studied during a qualitative study, based on face to face interviews, following a pre-established questionnaire. The sample included 16 practitioners between February and March 2016. Results show that general practitioners are not well informed on how to use these tests. This new screening method is perceived by healthcare professionals as a mean to complete the existing possibilities and which allow to reach a population out of the screening policies usual targets. On the other hand, practitioners expressed worries on several aspects (difficulty to receive such a diagnosis alone, increase of risky behaviours due to misunderstandings, lack of counselling). At last, they consider that their place in the testing strategy with this new mean was not considered by health authorities. General practitioners should be more included in public campaigns on HIV home testing. Even though they understand plainly the home testing advantages, expressed worries ,about this tool drawbacks, are legitimate. These worries should be considered to build communication. In such a case, general practitioners may find home testing helpful in their practice.
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Master Thesis
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Contributor : Jean-Hugues Morneau <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 16, 2016 - 9:39:21 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 15, 2020 - 8:58:04 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, March 28, 2017 - 1:16:01 AM


  • HAL Id : dumas-01417843, version 1


Pierre Bonetti, Clémentine Masson. « Docteur, j’ai fait un autotest, et … » : opinions des médecins généralistes sur les autotests VIH. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2016. ⟨dumas-01417843⟩