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Master Thesis

Quand un espace transitoire devient permanent, repenser l'urbanisation des camps de réfugiés : l'exemple du camp de Zaatari en Jordanie

Abstract : The first refugee camps were introduced in 1920 in response to the escape of tens of thousands of Armenians who had to leave Turkey1 after the fall of the Ottoman Empire. Since the establishment of UNHCR2 in 1950, the camps have long been considered like the most appropriate way to temporarily accommodate refugee populations. However, following the precarious conditions of these places of refuge and their uncertain temporality, many researchers and humanitarians strongly condemn them. Indeed, initially planned to respond to an emergency and on a short term, many camps that remain open for several decades (on average 17 years). It is observed nevertheless that formal camps creations are declining to make way for the multiplication of refugees living in urban situation. Also, we can observe the development of individual strategies of refuge or small communities. In this sense, UNHCR’s strategy for 2014 - 20183 is to promote alternatives to camps, wich are considered today as the last solution. The 2011 Syrian crisis once again raises the question of refugee reception, which can be very different depending on the host country. Thus, Jordan hosts 524,173 refugees4 outside camps and 134 0765 in camps managed by UNHCR. These camps must now be redefined and reorganized to provide decent living conditions for all who live there. We thus propose to reflect on the future of the camps particularly through their design, amenities, well as the specificities of persons for whom they are destined; in order to develop a future vision. This reflection will be conducted under the aegis of a concrete example: the largest camp for Syrian refugees in Jordan : Zaatari.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01419412
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Submitted on : Monday, December 19, 2016 - 1:45:22 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01419412, version 1

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Marjorie Guimon. Quand un espace transitoire devient permanent, repenser l'urbanisation des camps de réfugiés : l'exemple du camp de Zaatari en Jordanie. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. 2016. ⟨dumas-01419412⟩

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