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Master Thesis

Comparaison des effets de l’électrostimulation neuromusculaire combinée des triceps suraux et des quadriceps versus quadriceps seuls dans la bronchopneumopathie chronique obstructive sévère et très sévère en réhabilitation respiratoire

Abstract : A significant number of studies demonstrated the effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) for patients with COPD. This allows a gain of strength and muscular endurance, increased functional capabilities and improved the quality of life of the patient. Most studies focused on the quadriceps NMES. However, it seems appropriated that triceps surae also, important in exercise capacity benefit them too. The goal of this study is to assess the value of the combined NMES of the triceps surae and quadriceps versus quadriceps only in respiratory rehabilitation program (RRP). Method: 11 patients with COPD stage 3 or 4 according GOLD (2006) randomized into 2 groups are included in the feasibility study: one group receiving RRP including the classic NMES of quadriceps (n = 6) (Q group) and a group receiving a RRP including NMES of quadriceps and triceps surae (n = 5) (QT group). Results: Patients QT group have further improved their exercise capacity at ST3 and TDM6, quality of life , endurance of quadriceps and strength of the triceps compared to patients in the group Q. The improvement in quadriceps strength is in favor of group Q. Conclusion: If indication of NMES, it would be interesting to combine the stimulation of the quadriceps and triceps.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Friday, February 10, 2017 - 11:34:48 AM
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Manon Castel. Comparaison des effets de l’électrostimulation neuromusculaire combinée des triceps suraux et des quadriceps versus quadriceps seuls dans la bronchopneumopathie chronique obstructive sévère et très sévère en réhabilitation respiratoire. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2016. ⟨dumas-01438231⟩

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