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Master Thesis

Universex : croyances, attitudes et comportements des étudiants face aux infections sexuellement transmissibles (IST). Résultats d'une campagne de dépistage à l'Université de Saint-Denis de la Réunion

Abstract : In Reunion island, numerous STI’s and early abortions testify to risky sexual behaviors. KABP study, conducted in Reunion island in 2012, noted misconceptions about HIV infection among young people. This study aims to survey student’s knowledge and sexual behaviosr, and to estimate the STIs frequency in this population. This cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire in weekly, free and anonymous STIs screening consultation, at the University of St Denis (Reunion island), September-March 2015-16. The study includes 374 students. Men (M) are 41% and women (W) are 59%. The median age is 19,8 years. Students are 89% to have already had sexual intercourse (SI), 1st from 16,6 years. [Q1= 15 -Q3 = 18]. M have 8 partners on average while W have 4 (p = 0.002). Students are 59% to have already been exposed to at least one STIs risk factor, including multiple partnership for 35% and no condom use with a new partner for 25%. Unprotected sex worries 73% of students about the risk of STIs. Only 33% had already been screened but 81% are ready-to-use HIV self-testing for its privacy, its practicality and its immediate result. A third of students were undecided or believed HIV can be transmitted through mosquito bite or by a kiss and that washing after SI protects against STIs. Twenty-three STIs were diagnosed, that is 7% of screening done, including 15 chlamydiosis, 6 gonorrhea, 1 syphilis and 1 condylo-matosis. The rate of lost to follow-up patients is 36%. Whereas most of students are exposed to STIs risk factors, misconceptions persist about how STIs are transmitted and how to prevent them. This screening campaign should resume on the campus during 2016-17, providing easy access to a complete STIs screening for students and creating a new place to get informations about STIs and sexual health.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01501863
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 4, 2017 - 4:24:17 PM
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Amélie Martial. Universex : croyances, attitudes et comportements des étudiants face aux infections sexuellement transmissibles (IST). Résultats d'une campagne de dépistage à l'Université de Saint-Denis de la Réunion. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2016. ⟨dumas-01501863⟩

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