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Master Thesis

Évaluation du volume osseux après implantation : une revue systématique de la littérature

Abstract : Aim: The purpose of this systematic review is to identify the factors that influence the variation of the peri- implant bone volume in order to determine the methods that would prevent or reduce peri-implant bone loss. Methods: We conducted a literature review the according to the R-AMSTAR guidelines. An electronic research was conducted on PubMed, Scopus, DOSS (Dental Source and Oral Science) and Cochrane, from 01/01/03 to 25/09/16. Only literature reviews with a minimum 3 years follow-up were selected. The research found 151 initial references. A qualitative synthesis was made. Results: The article selection allowed us to keep 16 reviews included from 2009 to March 2016. Three factors were discerned: the implant characteristics, the surgical technique and the prosthetic concept. Astra Tech implants have shown better preservation of the marginal bone than Brånemark and Straumann, and likewise for conical implants with microthreads compared to cylindrical implants without microthreads. The bone-level implant maintained the marginal bone in a better way than tissue-level implant. The use of platform switching has given mixed results. For all other factors no significant difference was found. Conclusion : The level of evidence of this review is rather low, because some studies did not found any significant result. In order to improve clinical applicability, further studies should be conducted with longer follow up.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01620355
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Submitted on : Friday, October 20, 2017 - 2:34:56 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 15, 2020 - 9:03:57 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01620355, version 1

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Anne-Laure Levaudi. Évaluation du volume osseux après implantation : une revue systématique de la littérature. Chirurgie. 2017. ⟨dumas-01620355⟩

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