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Master Thesis

État des lieux et impact du milieu carcéral sur la consommation tabagique au sein du centre pénitentiaire de Gradignan

Abstract : Background: smoking prevalence is higher among inmates than in the general population. Tobacco control represent a major public health issue. Therefore it’s necessary to implement tobacco prevention and control measures within the prison environment. It’s necessary to study this consumption in order to do effective actions. Objectives: the aim of this study is to evaluate the factors affecting the smoking practice of prisoners within the Gradignan penitentiary. Method: interviews were conducted with detained patients in the Health Unit to understand their consumption. Quantitative (consumption ...) and qualitative (function of smoking, relationship between prisoners ...) datas were collected. Results: a comprehensive approach to tobacco smoking and the determination of multifactorial characters were allowed by this study. The results indicate that tobacco have an important place in detention. Although the practice is rather solitary, it represented a source of tension between prisoners. With incarceration, the inmates have more difficulty to obtain tobacco and to change their consumption habits. Some smokers consider quitting smoking but there are many barriers of the weaning. The medical action has to be reinforced by other measures. Conclusion: an increase of preventive action and an improvements of detention’s conditions are necessary in order to change the representations of prisoners and to support the weaning.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01658790
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 7, 2017 - 6:19:20 PM
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Guillaume Sadoux. État des lieux et impact du milieu carcéral sur la consommation tabagique au sein du centre pénitentiaire de Gradignan . Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2017. ⟨dumas-01658790⟩

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