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Master Thesis

Analyse et vécu des pratiques traditionnelles pendant le travail, l'accouchement et les suites de couches chez les africaines subsahariennes, comoriennes et maghrébines à Marseille

Abstract : Marseille holds a multicultural population of 855,393 inhabitants (2013 according to INSEE), among which a large number of immigrants are present, including Africans, Comorians, and Maghrebians. This semidirective qualitative study was carried out on thirteen interviews in University Hospital Centers (CHU) III in Marseilles, which are the only public hospitals in the city where a large number of foreign patients come to give birth. As with any population, they cling to a culture with peculiar rituals and traditions that are often little known to the healthcare workers. This study was carried out with the aim of personal enrichment on the cultural and cultic rites and customs that one can encounter during their hospitalization. It shows that during labor, childbirth and the post-natal period, these patients use practices to improve their experiences and wellbeing as well as that of their child’s. Indeed, we can, through this study, find advice to better manage pain during contractions or find ancestral remedies (Herbal teas, dishes, massages, rites against the evil eye ...), each practice having a well-defined purpose in order to promote the well-being of the mother and her newborn child. For example, herbal teas can be found to promote milk secretion, regulate transit, or restore their strength: a set of parameters necessary to ensure that the mother-child bond can be created as well a possible and in all safety. Literature confirms the existence of certain rites but especially proves specific virtues of plants and spices which were found in their customs. Moreover, the study shows the importance place given to religion, which in turn guides the patients to do certain acts more or less out of obligation as the cult traditions recommend. This study invites you to explore three populations rich in ancestral knowledge whose knowledge which can be useful to understand and take care of these patients globally
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01661002
Contributor : École Universitaire de Maïeutique Marseille Méditerranée (eu3m) <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 11, 2017 - 3:50:02 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 6, 2020 - 4:04:37 PM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-01661002, version 1

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Noémie Motto-Bugarel. Analyse et vécu des pratiques traditionnelles pendant le travail, l'accouchement et les suites de couches chez les africaines subsahariennes, comoriennes et maghrébines à Marseille. Gynécologie et obstétrique. 2017. ⟨dumas-01661002⟩

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