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Master Thesis

Les modèles au service des savoirs scientifiques en classe de seconde

Abstract : Pedagogical patterns are currently used in the life and Earth sciences. Thanks this experimental sciences, it's possible to study in a classroom many natural mechanisms impossible to understand in their actual biological or geological context. The pattern can be presented in various forms (representative, explanatory...) and we can exploit it with students in various ways, by imitating some of the real conditions. However, there are numerous types of patterns. In this paper, we will compare two important types of model, called analog pattern and digital pattern, with students ages 15 years. The aim is, when we discover a new notion, compare in the first hand students preferences between the two patterns and in the second hand compare the differents ways to interact with these patterns. We focused on the social part (Interaction between students and with the teacher) and on their différents perceptions (student preference between analogue pattern or digital pattern, the pattern's usefulness and the pattern's control). Our results show, according situation, that students have a preference for one of the both patterns. The teacher is charge to know which pattern is the most appropriate for teached notion. He also must to consider the diversity of his public. Each pattern, in its own way, will lead students on the way of knowledge.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 2:11:26 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01681187, version 1



Delphine Vieillard, Mélanie Véret. Les modèles au service des savoirs scientifiques en classe de seconde. Education. 2017. ⟨dumas-01681187⟩



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