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Master Thesis

Évaluation de la connaissance des facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire chez les patients en médecine générale

Abstract : Introduction: each year, 17.5 million deaths worldwide are attributable to cardiovascular disease, accounting for 31% of global deaths. In order to fight cardiovascular disease, a reduction in exposure to cardiovascular risk factors is necessary. Goal: to assess the level of overall knowledge of the various cardiovascular risk factors of 400 patients of general medicine, of 4 parisian districts. Method: a descriptive, prospective and multicenter epidemiological study, carried out in 4 parisian districts, including 400 patients (100 per district), of 2 general practice offices and 2 health centers. The data collection was carried out by self-questionnaire. Each questionnaire item was reported on the Excel table. Results: 400 patients were included in this study. In univariate analysis, tobacco ranks first among all risk factors; obesity, dyslipidemia, oily diet, high blood pressure and alcohol are known risk factors for more than 55% of the population studied, the other factors being below the 40% mark. In bivariate analysis, we show that sex, level of study and information sources, in particular television, make it possible to better understand certain cardiovascular risk factors in a statistically significant way. Conclusion: we find that knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors varies widely among patients. The general practitioner must evaluate them in each of his patients. He must then propose a prevention taking into account their ignorance in order to reduce cardiovascular morbidity.
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Master Thesis
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Grégoire Detriche. Évaluation de la connaissance des facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire chez les patients en médecine générale . Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2017. ⟨dumas-01721170⟩

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