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Master Thesis

Baclofène et addiction à l'alcool : vécu et ressenti du patient : étude qualitative par entretiens semi-dirigés auprès de 10 patients à Rennes et en Guadeloupe

Abstract : Background : Alcohol addiction is a major public health issue, reponsible of a high morbimortality in France. Baclofen, a drug with anti-craving properties, has benefited of a large media coverage, driven by patients associations. Aim : The objectif of this study is to analyse the feelings and experience of the patients treated by baclofen for alcoholic disease. Method : A qualitative study by semi-directed interviews carried out between april 2015 and october 2016, with patients from Rennes and Guadeloupe. Data was analysed by themes in a grounded theory perspective. Results : 10 interviews have been realised. The users unanimously describe a way of suffering and failure before the baclofen trial. Most of them were actors and initiators of their healthcare, and often informed about treatment modalities. They speak of the anti-craving effect obtained while using the drug, and mention many factors that favor adhering to the treatment. A Placebo participation and a therapeutic alliance were elements associated to the effectivness of the treatement. The users highlight the importance of an overall care. A social and environnemental support, a management of psychiatric comorbidities and the ability to implement control strategies complete the drug therapy. Conclusion : Baclofen is an interesting medicine for the complex care of alcohol addiction. It is part of a risks and damage reduction policy in health.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01780731
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 7, 2018 - 11:35:51 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 9, 2020 - 12:30:44 PM

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Étienne Sitaud. Baclofène et addiction à l'alcool : vécu et ressenti du patient : étude qualitative par entretiens semi-dirigés auprès de 10 patients à Rennes et en Guadeloupe. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2017. ⟨dumas-01780731⟩

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