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Master Thesis

Fin des quotas sucriers et révision de la convention interprofessionnelle de la filière canne-sucre de la Réunion : études technico-économiques et perspectives pour les exploitations cannières

Abstract : The cane-sugar sector in Reunion Island is developing within the framework of the common organization of the sugar market. Following its reform in 2006 and the announcement of the end of sugar quotas in October 2017, studies have shown that European sugar factories have the capacity to increase their competitiveness therefore being able to face this market liberalization, while on the contrary the sugar sector in the French overseas departments has not anymore sufficient leeway to ensure its sustainability. The French government has thus notified an annual financial aid of 38 million euros for the sugar industry in the French overseas departments by the decree of 10 May 2017. The aim is to balance the competitiveness between European sugar producers and to ensure the sustainability of the sector as a whole. This results locally to an adaptation of the development strategy for this sector and to the revision of the inter-professional agreements between the sugar industry in Reunion Island and the farmers. In this context and in anticipation of the inter-professional negotiations, a study on the income of sugar cane growers was initiated in 2016. Ninety surveys highlight the diversity of cane farms and their income according to the agro-climatic zone and their harvesting method. It also shows that the heterogeneity of the income depends strongly on the overall management of the farm. This field study coupled with the statistical analysis of the farm accountancy data network (FADN) and in accordance with the experts makes it possible to determine the various factors that influence the farmer's income in the short, medium and long term. Thanks to several indexes on price fluctuations and changes in cane payment, this thesis presents the trend of farm income for a typical cane grower between 2005 and 2015 as well as the annual income’s variability depending on climatic conditions. It reveals the importance of risk management in the cane farm in order to stabilize its income from one year to the next. The management is analyzed in terms of operating cash flow. This complementary study defines both the origin of difficulties in managing cash flow by the planters and the consequences on their exploitation. As such, it describes the challenges of the cane-sugar sector related to this topic. In this work, margins of progress have been identified to support cane farms and to accompany them towards better management practices and optimized investments. The main results are available and the simulation tool developed for farm cash flow analysis can now be used by the cane-sugar inter-professional representatives.
Document type :
Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01850575
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Submitted on : Friday, July 27, 2018 - 3:18:08 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 1, 2020 - 12:39:38 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, October 28, 2018 - 1:25:42 PM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-01850575, version 1

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Candice Beyssac. Fin des quotas sucriers et révision de la convention interprofessionnelle de la filière canne-sucre de la Réunion : études technico-économiques et perspectives pour les exploitations cannières. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2017. ⟨dumas-01850575⟩

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