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Master Thesis

Impact des écrans sur la santé des enfants. Quel champ d'intervention pour le médecin généraliste

Abstract : Context: Despite the omnipresence of screens in the lives of children everywhere, studies have shown the abusive use of these screens lead to harmful effects on children, which the medical field is able to reveal. Objective: To evaluate the involvement of general practitioners who encounter children facing this problem in their daily practices, including in the field of detection, prevention and treatment. Method: Descriptive study with general practitioners located in the PACA region. Results: 60 physicians responded to the questionnaire. All of them believed that there is a risk of abuse of screens in children with an impact on their health. The most frequently cited consequence was sleep disorders (97%), others were: obesity, hyperactivity-agitation, headache, aggressiveness, musculoskeletal disorders, academic backwardness and language disorder. 3% of the doctors systematically included in their interrogation the use of screens, but 62% did so when there was a sign of appeal especially in a teenager. 52% of physicians were questioned by parents about the abuse of screens by their children. 75% of physicians reported meeting with children with health problems related to this use. The doctors recommended: to limit the screen time (93%), to choose periods in the day, to dialogue with the child, to prohibit the screens in the bedroom. A minority gave advice to adapt the use of media according to the age of the child. 93% emphasized the importance of systematically including the use of screens in the child follow-up interview and 63% wanted training on the subject. Conclusion: Prevention, detection and treatment of the abuse of screens and its consequences on children should be a field of intervention for the general practitioner. His advice based on the current recommendations of media use should be systematically integrated into the consultation of the child's follow-up.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 29, 2018 - 9:51:27 AM
Last modification on : Monday, July 6, 2020 - 4:46:00 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01907374, version 1



Kateryna Vdovenko. Impact des écrans sur la santé des enfants. Quel champ d'intervention pour le médecin généraliste. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2017. ⟨dumas-01907374⟩



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