Le rôle des expressions faciales dans l'identification de l'ironie verbale chez les adultes cérébrolésés droits et frontaux

Abstract : Identification of irony can be perturbed in adults with right or frontal cerebral lesions : they manage to detect speaker’s ironic intention and to take it into account to apprehend this type of figurative language with difficulty. They are impaired by understanding facial expressions too, when they have to identify it and to name related emotions. In addition to attribute an intention to other, production of an ironic utterance supposes utilisation of specific indicators which we have to recognize through facial expressions. For our study, an irony identification task be made of videos according to different conditions (« inspection », « image » and « sound ») along with a task which evaluate the attribution of intentions to others (the TOM-15), have been proposed to seven adults with with right or frontal cerebral lesions and seven adults with no cerebral lesion. Results didn’t permit us to show that adults with right or frontal cerebral lesions had more difficulties to identify irony thanks to facial expressions compared to adults with no lesion. Also, no relation can’t be showed between competences in theory of mind and capacity to identify irony in the two groups.
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Pauline Parsoire. Le rôle des expressions faciales dans l'identification de l'ironie verbale chez les adultes cérébrolésés droits et frontaux. Sciences cognitives. 2018. ⟨dumas-01925296⟩

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